The Most Interesting Science News Articles of the Week


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The Most Interesting Science News Articles of the Week

 Each week we uncover the most interesting and informative articles from around the world, here are 10 of the coolest stories in science this week.
The United States dropped an atomic bomb on HIroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945.

The United States dropped an atomic bomb on HIroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945.

Credit: SuperStock/Getty Images

On Aug. 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb nicknamed “Little Boy” on Hiroshima, Japan, leading to a nuclear blast that instantly claimed about 45,000 lives. Now, the jawbone of one of those casualties — belonging to a person who was less than a mile from the bomb’s hypocenter — is helping researchers determine how much radiation was absorbed by the bones of the victims, a new study finds. [Read more about the levels.]

An illustration of two merging neutron stars.

An illustration of two merging neutron stars.

Credit: National Science Foundation/LIGO/Sonoma State University/A. Simonnet

It takes 512 years for a high-energy photon to travel from the nearest neutron star to Earth. Just a few of them make the trip. But they carry the information necessary to solve one of the toughest questions in astrophysics.

That data point, along with countless others like it collected over the course of months, will answer a basic question as soon as summer 2018: Just how wide is J0437-4715, Earth’s nearest neutron-star neighbor? [Read more about the solution.]

Most believers in a flat Earth think the planet is a flat disk surrounded by an ice wall.

Most believers in a flat Earth think the planet is a flat disk surrounded by an ice wall.

Credit: Getty

More than 200 flat-Earth enthusiasts descended on West Midlands, England, this past weekend to “engage freely in deep and meaningful discussions,” according to the Flat Earth Convention UK.

According to the group that put on the convention, the gathering also included some “alternative viewpoints.” (You think?) [Read more about the theory.]

Small flags mark the locations where coastal erosion has revealed human remains on Hart Island in New York.
Small flags mark the locations where coastal erosion has revealed human remains on Hart Island in New York.

Credit: Seth Wenig/AP/REX/Shutterstock

New York City goes by many nicknames: the Big Apple, Gotham, Empire City and the City That Never Sleeps, to name a few. But one corner of the city’s Long Island Sound has a more gruesome moniker: the Island of the Dead.

When a person dies in New York, the OCME assumes custody of the individual’s remains; if they are unclaimed or unidentified, the remains are then turned over to the DOC for burial on Hart Island, according to the DOC website. [Read more about the bones.]

The Bayeux Tapestry features a depiction of the 1066 Halley's Comet.
The Bayeux Tapestry features a depiction of the 1066 Halley’s Comet.

Credit: Myrabella/CC by 1.0

The far reaches of the outer solar system may be home to an icy giant — a hypothetical planet scientists have dubbed “Planet Nine.”

Planet Nine, if it exists, would have about 10 times the mass of Earth and orbit 20 times farther from the sun than Neptune does. (Planet Nine is not Pluto, which was once considered the ninth planet but was demoted to mere “dwarf planet” in 2006. [Read more about the tapestries.]

The engraved flint flake from Kiik-Koba, Crimea. The flint has 13 etch marks, which were likely made by one or multiple pointed stones.
The engraved flint flake from Kiik-Koba, Crimea. The flint has 13 etch marks, which were likely made by one or multiple pointed stones.

Credit: Ana Mahjkic et al./PLoS ONE/CC by 4.0

A Neanderthal seems to have left a message etched in stone about 35,000 years ago, a new study finds. [Read more about the etchings.]

The woman's abdomen before surgery.

The woman’s abdomen before surgery.

Credit: Danbury Hospital

Connecticut surgeons recently removed a 132-lb. (60 kilograms) ovarian tumor from a woman’s abdomen.

The woman had gone to her gynecologist after she experienced a rapid weight gain — about 10 lbs. (4.5 kg) a week — over a two-month period [Read more about the tumor.]

The Great Psalms Scroll seen next to the newfound fragment containing Psalm 147:1.
The Great Psalms Scroll seen next to the newfound fragment containing Psalm 147:1.

Credit: Shai Halevi/The Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library

Previously hidden text on fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls is now readable, revealing a possible undiscovered scroll and solving a debate about the sacred Temple Scroll. The discoveries came from a new infrared analysis of the artifacts, the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) announced yesterday (May 1). [Read more about the scrolls.]

Stephen Hawking’s final paper, which aims to test a theory that proposes parallel universes, appeared today (May 2) in the Journal of High Energy Physics.

Scientists later determined that this proposal implied something strange: that the multiverse is infinite, with endless, uncountable parallel universes existing alongside our own, Live Science previously reported. [Read more about the paper.]

The circled spots in this eye are melanomas.
The circled spots in this eye are melanomas.

Credit: Auburn Ocular Melanoma

Dozens of people in Alabama and North Carolina have developed a rare eye cancer — and doctors don’t know what’s behind the apparent spike in cases in these areas, according to news reports.

Right now, doctors don’t know the answer to the question, but they say something in the environment could be a factor, CBS reported. [Read more about cancer.]

Follow Live Science @livescience, Facebook & Google+.

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