Photos: Prehistoric Village Holds Bronze-Age Treasures

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Photos: Prehistoric Village Holds Bronze-Age Treasures

Vihara, pagodas burned down, plundered in N. Sumatra

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Vihara, pagodas burned down, plundered in N. Sumatra

  • Apriadi GunawanThe Jakarta Post

Medan, North Sumatra | Sat, July 30 2016 | 03:13 pm

Vihara, pagodas burned down, plundered in N. Sumatra

In riot: Residents gather in front of Dewi Samudera, a Chinese temple or pagoda in Tanjung Balai, North Sumatra, which was plundered and set ablaze by an angry mob on Friday evening. (Courtesy of

Hundreds of people plundered and burned down several Buddhist temples orvihara in Tanjung Balai, North Sumatra, on Friday evening. No fatalities or injuries occurred in the anarchic acts, which took place until early Saturday.

It is estimated that the attacks have caused billions of rupiah in losses.

North Sumatra Police spokesperson Sr. Comr. Rina Sari Ginting said the riots began when a 41-year-old of Chinese descent, only identified as Meliana, reprimanded an administrator of the Al Maksum Mosque to lower its microphone volume.

Rina further said Meliana had previously conveyed similar warnings to the administrator, hence, the mosque’s congregation members visited her house following her complaint for the umpteenth time on Friday evening.

The meeting between Al Maksum congregation members and Meliana heated up, forcing Tanjung Balai Police officers to safeguard Meliana and her husband at the police station. Angry mobs continued to flock to Meliana’s house, however. Some had even attempted to burn down the house but it was prevented by people living in the neighbourhood.

People who had been seized by emotion later moved to the Juanda Vihara, which is located approximately 500 meters from Meliana’s house. “The mob attempted to set ablaze the vihara but the police managed to prevent them. They could only pelt the house of worship with projectiles, damaging it. This was the start of the anarchic acts,” Rina told The Jakarta Post on Saturday.

The police officer said that in the riot, the angry mob damaged and burned down several vihara and Chinese temples or pagoda. They comprised onevihara and three pagodas on Jl. Pantai Amor, one vihara on Jl. Imam Bonjol and one pagoda on Jl. Ade Irma.

Onsite at the vihara and pagodas, Rina added that the mob destroyed prayer equipment, Buddha statues, tables, chairs, lamps, and several cars and motorbikes.

Seven people were taken into custody for allegedly plundering the houses of worship when the attacks occurred. Meanwhile, Rina said, Meliana and her family were still in protection at the Tanjung Balai Police station. The situation in Tanjung Balai reportedly has calmed down. (ebf)

SATURDAY, 30 JULY, 2016 | 11:50 WIB
7 Worship Houses in Tanjung Balai Burned

TEMPO.CO, Tanjung Balai, North Sumatra – Two monasteries and five temples located in Tanjung Balai, Medan, North Sumatra, were burned by an angry mob. This incident was triggered by a misunderstanding.

The incident eventually got all under control at around 03:30 WIB, after the Police mediate with the mob and kept on urging them to go home.

According to Tanjung Balai Police Chief, Adjunct Commissioner Ayep Wahyu Gunawan, the incident started yesterday, July 29, 2016, around 17:55 Western Indonesia Time (WIB). A woman with with the initials `M` felt disturbed by the sound of Adzan (calling of prayer) from a mosque, which is located in front of her house, and complained about it.

M and the people at the mosque then quarreled; the police and the urban village authorities immediately tried to mediate them.

In the mediation, said Ayep, someone spread a false information via a broadcast in an instant messenger service. The message broadcasted through the social media stated that the mosque was prohibited to sound any Adzan. That message ultimately made some people in Tanjung Balai went on a rampage.

“At first, they came to M`s house to do some property damage, but then they move on and multiply in number. The false info spread so fast that it actually deviated from the fact of what is actually happened,” stated Ayep when contacted by Tempo, Saturday, July 30, 2016. At this moment, Ayep said that M is still secured in the local police office to avoid the possibility of mass fury.

Because of the incident, not only several Buddhist monasteries and temples were burned, but also three cars, three motorbikes, and one pedicab bike. Fortunately, there were no casualties. “Part of the buildings were burned, because of the praying equipments such as incense and praying papers which are prone to fire. A number of vehicles also got burned,” said Ayep.


Amazing Images: The Best Science Photos of the Week

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Amazing Images: The Best Science Photos of the Week

Each week we find the most interesting and informative articles we can and along the way we uncover amazing and cool images. Here you’ll discover 10 incredible photos and the stories behind them.


A giant piece of a recently launched Chinese rocket fell to Earth Wednesday night (July 27), blazing a spectacular sky trail that left observers all over the western United States dazzled and slack-jawed.

[Full Story: Amazing Fireball Over Western US Caused by Chinese Space Junk]

Sea blob:

What is this strange purple sea orb found near the Channel Islands?

[Full Story: Mysterious Purple Sea Orb Stymies Scientists]

Bloody lake:

Iran’s briny Lake Urmia recently appeared in satellite images with blood-red waters resembling the aftermath of a particularly gruesome crime scene.

[Full Story: ‘Blood Lake’ Blooms in Iran]

The smell of death:

Normally, the smell of putrefying, decaying flesh wouldn’t be cause for celebration, but it is today, with the blooming of the rare but stinky corpse flower at the New York Botanical Garden (NYBG).

[Full Story: Putrid-Smelling Corpse Flower Finally Blooms: Watch It Live]

Oh Orion:

A live event combining virtual reality and musical performance in Brooklyn will be — literally — out of this world.

[Full Story: ‘The Hubble Cantata’ Weds Live Music with VR Views of the Cosmos]

Supper time:

“Didn’t your mother ever tell you not to swim with your mouth full?”

[Full Story: Great White Shark Dangles Seal Meal from Its Maw]

Dragon ant:

New ant species’ dragon-like appearance inspired scientists to name it for the fire-breathing star of Game of Thrones.

[Full Story: ‘Game of Thrones’ Ant Has Dragon-Like Spikes]

A new viper:

The newfound pitviper lives in a Costa Rican cloud forest and kills prey with a neurotoxin also used by rattlesnakes.

[Full Story: New Speckled Venomous Snake Discovered in Cloud Forest]

Starburst scorpionfish:

Pink and yellow starbursts decorate the orange-red skin of the newly discovered stellate scorpionfish.

[Full Story: Vibrantly Colored ‘Starburst’ Scorpionfish Discovered in the Caribbean]

3D Forest:

This powerful camera gives insight into the effects of climate change in Alaska’s Tanana Valley.

[Full Story: Unique 3D Views of Alaskan Forest Captured with 3D Scanner]

Fiery flare:

The sun fired off its strongest solar flare of 2016 during an active weekend that saw three eruptions from star’s surface.

[Full Story: Sun Blasts Out 2016’s Strongest Flare (Video)]

How to Perform a Dermaroller Treatment

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If you are interested in reducing the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, or even cellulite dimples on your skin, a Dermaroller (or Derma Roller) treatment might be a good option for you, but what exactly is it? More importantly, how does it work and how effective is it?

Image Source:

Understanding Where Skin Problems Come From

You can’t really understand what Dermaroller treatment is or how it works until you understand where skin problems come from. There are several environmental factors, such as too much sun, that can lead to skin problems. However, sometimes it’s just about getting that little bit older. As we get older, our skin cells stop producing elastin and collagen, proteins that help the skin cells stick together and create the smooth appearance of youthful skin. As there is less elastin and collagen to go around, skin gets saggier and wrinkles develop.

Defining Dermaroller Treatments

Dermaroller treatments are done with a small hand-held device called a Dermaroller, or Derma Roller. The device is covered in tiny little needles. As the device is rolled over a section of skin, the needles puncture the skin, causing the cells to react as if they are under attack.

How Cells Respond to the Attack

Having an ‘attack’ on your skin might sound like a bad idea, but it’s the way in which your skin responds to this ‘attack’ that is the clever part – your cells will try to repair and stengthen themselves. That means that they will produce more elastin and collagen and your cells will bind together in a tighter way. Another benefit is that the procedure helps to improve the supply of blood to skin cells.

Problems Dermaroller Treatments Can Help With

Not only can Dermaroller treatments be anti-aging, but they can also help to reduce the appearance of old acne scars.
Of course, the biggest issues most people tend to want to treat with Dermaroller procedures are wrinkles, stretch marks, and general skin tone. So, if you have any of those issues, you should definitely talk to a skincare professional about which option is more appropriate for you – Aesthetic Lasers or  the Dermaroller needle, in any case you should be aware of the Pros and Cons of each method and do own research.

How Long Does It Take

Each treatment tends to take under half an hour, which is one reason why many people like them. However, the actual treatment times do vary a bit from one person to another. It all depends on how much skin you want to treat.
You should also keep in mind that a single Dermaroller treatment isn’t usually enough to give you the results that you want. Typically it may take around three treatments before you start to see your skin looking noticeably better. So, you should factor in the time and expense of multiple treatments before making your final decision about whether or not to undergo the procedure. It’s definitely something I’m looking into, I’ve had a look at a lot of before and after pictures online and the results look great.

How to Perform a Dermaroller Treatment

There are many common skin ailments that can be treated using a Dermaroller device. Among them are wrinkles, skin sags, getting rid of unwanted hair, reducing the appearance of scars, and reducing stretchmarks.
Regardless of which one you’re trying to treat, there is a certain method to follow.
That goes for you or your technician, depending on whether you go to a clinic or use a home kit yourself.

Dermaroller Treatments Have to be Done in Sterile Places

Since Dermaroller procedures pierce the skin with tiny needles, infections are a risk.
That’s why it’s important to only have them done in sterile places.
Yours or your clinicians hands should be washed, and so should the part of your body that you plan to treat.
You should also sterilize the tools you plan to use and anything else that will be touching your body during the procedure.

Be Sure to Prepare if You’re Doing Dermaroller Treatment at Home

Keep in mind that being treated with <a href=”
laser-equipment-2″>aesthetic skincare machines</a> in a clinic environment takes a lot of pressure off of you as a patient.
It’s up to the clinician to prepare the tools, lotions, numbing agents, and other required items ahead of time.
If you are performing the procedure on yourself at home, it’s your responsibility to have all the products you need ready before you start.

 Performing Simple Dermaroller Treatments at Home

It’s fairly easy to perform simple Dermaroller treatments at home, as long as you maintain a sterile environment.
All you have to do is roll the device across your skin one way and then repeat the process going the other three directions in an almost star-like rotational pattern.
Be sure to apply just enough pressure, but not so much that you have pain.
You should perform the at-home treatment no more than once a day. You can perform it less than that, if you prefer.
In fact, taking a day or two a week off is probably a good thing. That way your skin can repair itself between sessions

More Thorough At-Home Dermaroller Treatments

More thorough at-home Dermaroller treatments involve treating your skin with special
creams or lotions ahead of time.
You may have to apply those creams for a few days in a row before you use the stronger Dermaroller device with harder pressure applied.
But the good news is that those treatments tend to only be needed once a month,
or at most once every two weeks.

Caring for your skin post-Dermaroller Treatment

Aftercare is very important, whether you have treatment done in a clinic or do it yourself.
In fact, one reason to do Dermaroller in the first place is that the tiny temporary holes it creates in your skin allows medicated creams to penetrate the skin faster.
That’s why you should have a routine where you apply those creams and lotions soon after treatment.
In general, Dermaroller is less invasive than lasers or microdermabrasion, especially when done at home.
However, there are certain parts of your body that aren’t suited to Dermaroller,
like the area around your eyes or mouth.
There are also certain things you have to remember to do, like clean your roller after each use and never share it with others.
But as long as you follow the instructions that come with the home kit or the instructions given for aftercare at your clinic, you should start to see results after several sessions.

Ancient ships of death: Were they on a mission of politics or plunder?

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Ancient ships of death: Were they on a mission of politics or plunder?

For more than a thousand years the ships of death moldered unseen on the shore of the Baltic Sea, sheltering the bones of dozens of Viking-era young men and a trove of rich possessions.

Now, after analyzing the ships and skeletons, researchers have a chilling new idea to explain how so many men died at the peak of their strength: they were diplomats from central Sweden, killed while on a mission to talk rather than fight.

The proposal, outlined in a study in the current issue of Antiquity, runs counter to previous interpretations that the men were raiders or warriors. Whoever they were, their bones give researchers a priceless window into life at the dawn of the Viking era.

The “graves gives us a rare – if not unique – glimpse of a Viking Age drama,” Ole Thirup Kastholm, a curator at Denmark’s Roskilde Museum who was not involved in the new study, says via email. “It (poses) the most intriguing mystery with plenty of questions to investigate: Who are the dead men? What was the purpose of their journey? … And perhaps the most interesting questions: Who did it?”

Whoever interred the dead aboard two ships in what is now Salme, Estonia, in about 750 AD went about their work with great care and respect. Many of the 41 bodies were carefully positioned, and valuables were scattered among the remains. Researchers found swords bedecked with gold and jewels and hundreds of elaborate pieces from a  a chess-like strategy game called Hnefatafl, or The King’s Table.They also found two decapitated hawks and the skeleton of a large dog, which had been cut in half.

In life the men must have been fearsome figures. They were young and tall, at least one nearly six feet. Analysis of their teeth, combined with the design of the buried artifacts, suggests that they came from central Sweden, not Estonia, says study co-author T. Douglas Price, an emeritus professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The skeletons on the larger of the two ships showed signs of violent death: stab wounds, decapitation marks, and an arm bone cleaved by a blade.

Following the discovery of the smaller ship in 2008 and the larger in 2010, researchers thought the men died on a mission of conquest or plunder. But the evidence didn’t quite fit.

The blinged-out swords seemed more suitable for projecting power than for fighting, and Viking-era warriors generally relied on spears and battle axes rather than swords, study co-author Jüri Peets of Estonia’s Tallinn University says via email. Game pieces and animals seem impractical for a military expedition but would’ve provided welcome amusement on a diplomatic trip. The men may have been on a voyage to forge an alliance or establish kinship ties, Peets says, when unknown parties set upon them.

Outside opinion on this explanation is mixed. The theory is “a far better solution than … (a) military expedition gone bad,” Kastholm says via email.

But Jan Bill of Norway’s Museum of Cultural History argues that the gaming pieces don’t rule out a voyage devoted to battle. “Soldiers have always had lots of waiting time, and games with them to shorten (this) time,” he says via email. “Whether this group was on a diplomatic mission, or raiding, or both, I don’t think we can decide from the evidence of what was used as grave goods.” Study co-author Peets says the idea of a diplomatic mission is a “working hypothesis,” and research continues.

Young aristocratic men of the day routinely took part in war bands, says James Barrett of Britain’s University of Cambridge via email. Whether the men were intent on diplomacy or bloodshed, he says, the burial site “shows the cosmopolitan, albeit very dangerous, character of the Baltic Sea area even before (or at the very start of) the Viking Age.”

What do ordinary citizens in the Arab world really think about the Islamic State?

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What do ordinary citizens in the Arab world really think about the Islamic State?

July 27 at 5:00 AM

What do ordinary Arabs think about the Islamic State? This spring, we added several questions to the standard battery of Arab Barometer surveys to find out. We asked a scientific sample of respondents in Tunisia, Jordan, Palestine, Algeria and Morocco the following questions:

  • To what extent do you agree with the goals of the Islamic State;
  • To what extent to do you support the Islamic State’s use of violence; and
  • To what extent do you believe the Islamic State’s tactics are compatible with the teachings of Islam?

Little support for the Islamic State

The findings were stark: Not many Arabs sympathize with the Islamic State. The percent agreeing with the Islamic State’s goals range from 0.4 percent in Jordan to 6.4 percent in the Palestinian territories. The percent agreeing with the Islamic State’s use of violence range from 0.4 percent in Morocco to 5.4 percent in the Palestinian territories. The percent agreeing that the Islamic State’s tactics are compatible with Islam range from 1.0 percent in Jordan to 8.9 percent n the Palestinian territories.

It’s important to dig deeper, though. While very few respondents express positive attitudes toward the Islamic State, it is possible that some who support the Islamic State’s goals or tactics or believe the group’s actions are compatible with Islam decline to answer the question or say they don’t know, rather than explicitly express approval of the Islamic State.

Why the Islamic State propaganda arm is more important than its fighters

 For sensitive issues like support for an extremist group, this is a common way to avoid expressing an opinion that is contrary to societal norms. For each question and each country, therefore, we also note the percent that decline to respond or say they don’t know. With these responses treated as expressions of support for the Islamic State, the percent having positive, or at least neutral, attitudes toward the Islamic State increases, particularly in Algeria and in the Palestinian territories. Nevertheless, as shown in Figure 1 (click here), it is clear, overall, that there is very little support for the Islamic State among these five Arab publics.

A key demographic differs little

What about younger and poorly educated men, who seem to be a primary audience for the Islamic State message? Breaking out the responses of male respondents age 36 or under who have had less than secondary schooling shows that even among this key demographic there is also little support for the Islamic State’s goals or for its use of violence, and that few consider the Islamic State’s tactics to be compatible with the teachings of Islam. Indeed, in some instances, positive attitudes toward the Islamic State are held by fewer individuals in the key demographic category. These findings are shown inFigure 2 (click here).

A Tunisian exception?

Findings are similar with respect to whether the Islamic State’s tactics are compatible with the teachings of Islam, but with one potentially instructive exception. This concerns Tunisia, where 14.9 percent of poorly educated younger male respondents say that the Islamic State’s tactics are compatible with Islamic teachings, compared with 8.6 percent of other Tunisians.

The finding that younger and less-well-educated Tunisian men are more likely than other Tunisians to judge the Islamic State’s tactics to be compatible with Islamic teachings may help to explain why a large number of Tunisians have left the country to fight with the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq. News reportsplace the number at 3,000 to 8,000, far more than any other Arab country with the exception of Saudi Arabia. And since most who have responded to the Islamic State’s call are poorly educated younger men, the comparatively high percentage that considers the Islamic State’s tactics to be compatible with Islam may provide a part of the explanation.

There are only 87 respondents in this key demographic category in the Tunisian survey, and so the findings should be accepted with a measure of caution, even though a non-parametric statistical test does show a very low probability of obtaining by chance alone the difference reported in Figure 2.

Only 3.4 percent of poorly educated younger Tunisian men express support for the Islamic State’s goals, and only 2.3 percent agree with its violent tactics. Nevertheless, it is notable that Tunisians in the demographic category that is the primary target of the Islamic State messaging are significantly more likely than other Tunisians, and their counterparts in other Arab countries, to consider the Islamic State’s tactics compatible with Islam.

An embedded experiment

We wanted to dig even deeper into factors shaping the views of younger and less-well-educated men, the key demographic targeted by Islamic State messaging. We, therefore, introduced a survey experiment into the 2016 Arab Barometer instrument. Respondents were randomly assigned to either a control group or one of four treatment groups before being asked the questions about the Islamic State.

The various treatment scripts provided information about the Islamic State and its stated objectives. The control version included no additional text. The script of the first treatment, Treatment A, told respondents that the Islamic State has emerged as a potent force in the Middle East, that its goal is to extend its self-proclaimed caliphate across the Muslim world, and that it has killed many Muslims and non-Muslims in pursuit of this aim.

The three remaining treatments, B, C, and D, included the Treatment A script and then provided an additional piece of information. Treatment B added that another of the Islamic State’s stated objectives is to limit Shiite influence across the Muslim world and to confront Iranian-led Shiite forces in Syria, Iraq, Yemen and elsewhere; Treatment C added that another of the Islamic State’s declared goals is to defend Islam from attacks by secular leaders and other elites whose goal is to limit the role of Islam in government and public life; and Treatment D added that another of the Islamic State’s declared goals is to counter intervention in the region by the United States and other Western powers who have engaged in military attacks against it.

Figure 3 (click here) shows responses to the question about the Islamic State’s goals of younger and less-educated men in the control group and in each of the four treatment groups. The figure shows that approval, or at least the absence of disapproval, is more common among respondents in the control group and less common among those in all of the treatment groups, especially those in Treatments B, C, and D, each of which provides information about one of the Islamic State’s stated objectives. In each case, the difference between the control and Treatment B, the control and Treatment C, and the control and Treatment D is statistically significant. Figure 3 thus strongly suggests that the provision of information about the Islamic State’s declared goals reduces the likelihood that a young, poorly educated man will approve of the Islamic State’s goals.

Several additional insights are suggested by the findings shown in Figure 3. First, although the degree of support for the Islamic State’s goals is lower among those in Treatment A than among those in the control group, the difference is not large enough to be statistically significant, meaning that this result could have just been chance. Accordingly, we cannot say with confidence that telling those in the key demographic targeted by the Islamic State only about the group’s violent actions, including the killing of Muslims as well as non-Muslims, will change their views very much.

Although telling these young men both about the Islamic State’s violent actions and about any one of its stated objectives is likely to reduce support for the group, telling them about the Islamic State’s goal of combating Shiite influence has the greatest effect on their assessments. This is probably because Sunni-Shiite tensions are largely absent in the five Arab countries on which this analysis is based, whereas in many, if not all of the Muslim countries, there is likely to be at least some concern about secular leaders and Western influence. Accordingly, the conclusion to be drawn is that support for the Islamic State will diminish among those in the population category from which the Islamic State seeks to recruit fighters to the extent they see as less relevant to their own societies the goals on behalf of which the Islamic State claims to be fighting.

Only a small minority of young, uneducated men who sympathize with the Islamic State have left to fight on its behalf. Yet, those who sympathize with the movement are more likely than others to one day join its cause. It may be possible to use some of the Islamic State’s own messaging against the movement. Juxtaposing information about its use of violence and its specific aims leads to small but statistically significant and meaningful declines in support for the group. Combining this strategy with other messages combating its extremist ideology may offer the best approach to influence the views of the small minority of uneducated young men who sympathize with this terrorist organization.

Mark Tessler is the Samuel J. Eldersveld Collegiate Professor of Political Science at the University of Michigan. Michael Robbins is the director of the Arab Barometer. Amaney A. Jamal is the Edwards S. Sanford Professor of Politics at Princeton University and director of the Mamdouha S. Bobst Center for Peace and Justice. 

Incredible moment rescue helicopter soars over bride’s head on rescue mission during wedding photos

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Incredible moment rescue helicopter soars over bride’s head on rescue mission during wedding photos

It’s the wedding photo of your dreams – but how on earth did this incredible picture come about?

And judging by this stunning photo, the happy couple won’t be forgetting theirs in a hurry.

A blushing bride stands on the Icelandic coast as a helicopter soars overhead.

The incredible image was captured by renowned wedding photographer CM Leung during an already unconventional shoot on the Nordic island.

The incredible photo by CM Leung was created by chance

Leung was snapping the man and woman on rocks and cliff edges when the Iceland Coast Guard chopper arrived on a rescue call.

Once everyone was safe, Leung positioned the bride to stand in front of the helicopter taking off, while emergency crews stood by to ensure the plan went off safely.

The results are breathtaking – but as a behind the scenes video shows, it wasn’t entirely plain sailing.

While the helicopter looks about to strike the bride in the head, the angle of the photo makes it look closer than it actually is.

Photographer, CM Leung shoots an unusual wedding scene


CM Leung
Photographer, CM Leung shoots an unusual wedding scene
CM Leung

But it was still near enough for the wind from the propellers to blow the brides veil out of her hands and knock her, and the photographer to the ground.

Since posting the video of the shoot on YouTube earlier this month, the film has been watched more than 242,000 times.