17 Tremendous Terraced Rice Fields


Post 3231

17 Tremendous Terraced Rice Fields

http://www.lovethesepics.com/2011/02/17-tremendous-terraced-rice-fields/

Like rice? Rice is a staple in many countries. Terraced paddy fields are very common in rice farming where the land is hilly or mountainous.
Terraced rice fields helps to decrease erosion and work well for rice crops which need to be grown in a flooded area. Terraced paddy fields are built into steep hillsides by intense physical labor, sometimes by using a water buffalo to help in the wetlands. While terraced rice fields are a common sight in third-world countries, it is an uncommon sight for many of us. We loved these pics – 17 Tremendous Terraced Rice Fields.

Terrace rice fields in Yunnan Province, China

Terrace rice fields in Yunnan Province, China. Photo #1 by Jialiang Gao

Banaue Philippines Terraced Rice Fields

Banaue, Philippines – Terraced Rice Fields. Photo #2 by Jeff Werner

Yuanyang sunset rice terraced mountain

Yuanyang sunset rice terraced mountain. Photo #3 by Takeaway

Banaue rice terraces Photo #4 by Jon Díez Supat

Fields of Gold – Boracay Island & Rice Terraces in Philippines. Photo #5 by momo

Reflections of the clouds at sunset over the rice terraced mountains of the Hani people in Yuanyang County, Yunnan, China, in wintertime, when the paddies are left filled with water until planting in Spring. Photo #6 by Takeaway

Bay-yo Rice Terraces, Bontoc, Mt. Province. Photo #7 by Shubert Ciencia

Terrace fields amidst Himalayan ranges, near Rishikesh. Photo #8 by Ekabhishek

Mountain of Rice - rice terraces

Mountain of Rice – Philippines. Photographers noted, “These rice terraces that follow the contours of the mountain had been here for roughly 2,000 years. Dubbed as the eight wonder of the world, these rice terraces are carved out of rocky mountainsides in most of the Cordillera Provinces — following sacred traditions and skill passed on to generations. On the average, these rice terraces are 1,500 meters above sea level.” Photo #9 by Storm Crypt

Hamanoura (Saga) rice terraces in Japan. Photo #10 by kanegen

Terraced Fields in Machu Picchu, Peru. Photo #11 by Christophe Meneboeuf

Evening sun in terraced paddy fields

Evening sun in terraced paddy fields. Photo #12 by takuma kimura

Rice terraces in early morning mist, Guangxi Province, China

Rice terraces in early morning mist, Guangxi Province, China. Photo #13 by miquitos

Terrace rice fields in Yunnan Province, China

Terrace rice fields in Yunnan Province, China – shot 2. Photo #14 by JialiangGao

Banaue rice terrace - Philippines

Banaue rice terrace – Philippines. Photo #15 by Agricmarketing

Rice Terraces in Longsheng near Guilin China

Rice Terraces in Longsheng near Guilin China. The photographer noted, “The rice terraces have been in use for hundreds of years by the Yao ethnic people of this region.” Photo #16 by Jack French

Rice terraces While trekking around the Annapurnas

Rice terraces While trekking around the Annapurnas. Photo #17 by Eric Montfort

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Hani people – Yunan


Post 3230

Hani people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Hani people (HaniHaqniqChinese: 哈尼族; pinyinHānízúVietnameseNgười Hà Nhì) are an ethnic group. They form one of the 56 nationalities officially recognized by the People’s Republic of China. They also form one of the 54 officially recognized ethnic groups of Vietnam. There are 12,500 Hanis living in the Lai Chau and Lao Cai provinces of Vietnam.
Hani
An ethnic Hani girl with a typical Hani headgear for children. Near Yuanyang, Yunnan Province, China.
An ethnic Hani girl with a typical Hani headgear for children. Near YuanyangYunnan Province, China.
Total population
1.5 million (est.)
Regions with significant populations
ChinaYunnan,Vietnam 17,535 (1999), LaosBurma
Languages
Hani
Religion
AnimismBuddhismChristianity.
Related ethnic groups
YiLahu

Distribution

Over ninety percent of the Hani live in the southwestern Chinese province of Yunnan, scattered across the Ailao Mountains between the Mekong River and the Red River (Yuanjiang).

Hani autonomous subdivisions of China are as follows.

Origins

File:Ethnic Yi China Costume.jpg

Typical daily attire of ethnic Hani (哈尼) in China. Near Yuanyang, Yunnan Province, China (note the incorrect file name identifies such as Yi).

The origins of the Hani are not precisely known, though their ancestors, the ancient Qiang tribe, are believed to have migrated southward from the QinghaiTibetan plateau prior to the third century AD.

The Hani oral traditions state that they are descended from the Yi people, and that they split off as a separate tribe fifty generations ago. One of their oral traditions is the recital of the names of Hani ancestors from the first Hani family down to oneself.

File:Hani ladies in Laomeng village Yunnan China.jpg

Hani minority ladies at Laomeng Market, near Yuanyang, Yunnan province, China

Religion

The Hani are polytheists and they profess a special adoration toward the spirits of their ancestors. They are used to practicing rituals to venerate to the different gods and thus to obtain their protection.

The religious hierarchy of the Hani is divided into three main personages: the zuima that directs the main celebrations; the beima, responsible for practicing the exorcisms and the magical rituals; the nima that takes charge of carrying out predictions and to administer the medicinal herbs. This last charge can be performed indistinctly by men and women. Some Hani also profess Theravada Buddhism.

Culture

Hani’s house in Vietnam

The dwellings of the Hani are usually two or three stories high, built with bamboo, mud, stone and wood.

The traditional clothing of the Hani is used made out of dark blue fabric. The men dress in short jackets and in long wide pants. They also wear turbans which are white or black. The women dress depending on which clan they belong to. There is no gender difference in the clothing of children under the age of seven.

They play a wind instrument called the ebi (俄比).

Part of thousand years old culture are terraced fields.

Language

The Hani language spoken by many of the Hani is of the Yi branch of the Tibeto-Burman language family. Oral tradition tells of an ancient written script, tradition says it was lost on the migration from Sichuan. They now use a romanization of the Luchun dialect as a written script.

File:Yuanyang sunset rice terraced mountain.jpg
Sunset over the rice terraced mountains of the Hani people in Yuanyang County, Yunnan, China, in wintertime, when the paddies are left filled with water until planting in Spring.

Hónghé Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 红河哈尼族彝族自治州; traditional Chinese: 紅河哈尼族彝族自治州; pinyinHónghé Hānízú Yízú Zìzhìzhōu) is an autonomous prefecture of Yunnan Province, China. Its name is derived from theHonghe river (Red river) and the two major ethnic minority groups who live there: the Yi and the Hani. Honghe has an area of 32,929 km². The capital of the prefecture is Mengzi.

In 2008, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage of the People’s Republic of China nominated the Honghe Hani Terraced Fields of Yuanyang County for World Heritage Site status.

Subdivisions

The prefecture is subdivided into 13 county-level divisions: 2 county-level cities, 8 counties, and 3 autonomous counties:

Map
Honghe mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2003 est.)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
1 Mengzi City 蒙自市 Méngzì Shì 320,000 2,228 144
2 Gejiu City 个旧市 Gèjiù Shì 390,000 1,597 244
3 Kaiyuan City 开远市 Kāiyuǎn Shì 260,000 2,009 129
4 Lüchun County 绿春县 Lǜchūn Xiàn 210,000 3,167 66
5 Jianshui County 建水县 Jiànshuǐ Xiàn 500,000 3,940 127
6 Shiping County 石屏县 Shípíng Xiàn 290,000 3,090 94
7 Mile County 弥勒县 Mílè Xiàn 490,000 4,004 122
8 Luxi County 泸西县 Lúxī Xiàn 370,000 1,674 221
9 Yuanyang County 元阳县 Yuányáng Xiàn 370,000 2,292 161
10 Honghe County 红河县 Hónghé Xiàn 270,000 2,034 133
11 Jinping Miao, Yao and Dai Autonomous County 金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县 Jīnpíng Miáozú Yáozú Dǎizú ìzhìxiàn 320,000 3,677 87
12 Hekou Yao Autonomous County 河口瑶族自治县 Hékǒu Yáozú Zìzhìxiàn 80,000 1,313 61
13 Pingbian Miao Autonomous County 屏边苗族自治县 Píngbiān Miáozú Zìzhìxiàn 150,000 1,905 79

Demography

According to the 2000 census, Honghe has 4,130,463 inhabitants (population density: 125.44 inhabitants per km²).

Ethnic groups in Honghe, 2000 census

Nationality Population Percentage
Han 1,830,245 44.31%
Yi 973,732 23.57%
Hani 685,727 16.6%
Miao 274,147 6.64%
Zhuang 99,132 2.4%
Dai 98,164 2.38%
Yao 76,947 1.86%
Hui 68,033 1.65%
Lahu 9,900 0.24%
Bai 4,161 0.1%
Buyei 3,736 0.09%
Mongols 1,214 0.03%
Tu 835 0.02%
ethnic background not given 828 0.02%
Others 3,662 0.09%

File:Jianshui-shi-chao-yang-lou.jpg

Chao Yang Lou (or Old City Gate) in Jianshui, Yunnan.

Terrace rice fields in Yunnan Province, China

Terrace rice fields in Yunnan Province, China. Photo #1 by Jialiang Gao

http://www.lovethesepics.com/2011/02/17-tremendous-terraced-rice-fields/

Jingkou Village of Hani People

Jingkou Village of Hani People http://www.chinavillagetour.com/photo-v31-jingkou-village-of-hani-people

Jingkou Village of Hani People

Jingkou Village of Hani People http://www.chinavillagetour.com/photo-v31-jingkou-village-of-hani-people

Jingkou Village of Hani People

Jingkou Village of Hani People http://www.chinavillagetour.com/photo-v31-jingkou-village-of-hani-people

Jingkou Village of Hani People

Jingkou Village of Hani People http://www.chinavillagetour.com/photo-v31-jingkou-village-of-hani-people

Image Gallery: Egypt’s Great Terrace of God


Post 3228

Image Gallery: Egypt’s Great Terrace of God

LiveScience Staff
Treasures - Masks of Chantresses
Treasures – Masks of Chantresses
Credit: Image courtesy North Abydos Votive Zone Project
An archaeological team digging at the site of Abydos, in Egypt, has unearthed numerous treasures, including a half dozen examples of these yellow wooden masks. Each of them would have been part of a female coffin, possibly those of chantresses. They date back more than 2,000 years.
Much to Be Discovered
Much to Be Discovered
Credit: Image courtesy North Abydos Votive Zone Project.
An image of the Terrace of the Great God. While the area appears desolate, and a good portion of it has been plundered, there are still discoveries to be made.
A Monumental Find
A Monumental Find
Credit: Image courtesy North Abydos Votive Zone Project
One structure the team explored was this “monumental” building. The walls are about six feet (two meters) thick. Researchers think that it may be a temple. The few inscriptions found inside refer to Seti I, a pharaoh who ruled more than 3,200 years ago.
Interesting Finds
Interesting Finds
Credit: Image courtesy North Abydos Votive Zone Project
In one chamber of the tomb the team found a cache of animal mummies, at least 83 of them, all of them sacrificed. Most of them are dogs whose mummy wrappings have fallen off. Researchers think that the mummies are from a large, undiscovered, tomb and were tossed into the monumental building when it was robbed. This image shows some of the dog skulls. They would also date back more than 2,000 years.
Mummy Wrapping
Mummy Wrapping
Credit: Image courtesy North Abydos Votive Zone Project
One of the dog skulls, with some of the mummy wrapping still on it
Royal Wooden Statue
Royal Wooden Statue
Credit: Image courtesy North Abydos Votive Zone Project
In another chamber of the monumental building the team found a wooden statue with a Nemes headdress on it. At about 25 inches (65 cm) tall it depicts a pharaoh. The narrow waist size raises the possibility that this is Hatshepsut, a female pharaoh who ruled Egypt about 3,500 years ago.
Nemes Headdress Restored
Nemes Headdress Restored
Credit: Image courtesy North Abydos Votive Zone Project
Another image of the royal wooden statue. When it was first found it was encrusted with mud and termite droppings. An Egyptian wood conservation expert was brought in to work on it.
The Tomb of a Priest

The Tomb of a Priest

Credit: Image courtesy North Abydos Votive Zone Project

Inside the monumental structure the team found a vaulted tomb that dates back around 3,000 years. It would have originally belonged to a priest whose name was combined with the goddess Isis. It had been robbed in antiquity with robbers entering through a hole.

Faience Shabtis

 Faience Shabtis
Credit: Image courtesy North Abydos Votive Zone Project
Faience shabtis found in the tomb, they would have done the work of the deceased in the afterlife.
Offering Chapel
Offering Chapel
Credit: Image courtesy North Abydos Votive Zone Project
An offering chapel, found at the terrace, it dates back more than 3,600 years. It was found located near the processional route for Osiris.

‘Cult Fiction’ Traced to Ancient Egypt Priest


Post 3227

‘Cult Fiction’ Traced to Ancient Egypt Priest

Owen Jarus, LiveScience Contributor
Date: 24 September 2012 Time: 08:30 AM ET
This papyrus, now in two fragments, dates back around 1,900 years and was written in a form of ancient Egyptian known as Demotic. It records a fictional story that includes ritual sex.
CREDIT: Image copyright Istituto Papirologico “G. Vitelli” – Firenze

A recently deciphered Egyptian papyrus from around 1,900 years ago tells a fictional story that includes drinking, singing, feasting and ritual sex, all in the name of the goddess Mut.

Researchers believe that a priest wrote the blush-worthy tale, as a way to discuss controversial ritual sex acts with other priests.

“Our text may represent a new and hitherto unrecognized Egyptian literary genre: ‘cult’ fiction, the purpose of which was to allow controversial or contentious matters pertaining to the divine cult to be scrutinized in this way,” wrote professors Richard Jasnow and Mark Smith, who published their translation and analysis of the papyrus in the most recent edition of the journal Enchoria.

Jasnow, from Johns Hopkins University, and Smith, from Oxford, write that evidence of ritual sex is  rare in ancient Egypt and the act probably would have been controversial. “There is surprisingly little unequivocal Egyptian evidence for the performance of the sex act as such in ritual contexts,” Jasnow and Smith wrote.

They added that the Egyptians were known to discuss other controversial matters using fictional stories.

Writing about sex

Containing writing in a form of ancient Egyptian known as Demotic, the papyrus is likely to have originated in the Fayum village of Tebtunis at a time when the Romans controlled Egypt. It is currently in Florence, Italy, in the Istituto Papirologico “G. Vitelli.”

The drinking, feasting, singing and ritual sex mentioned in the Egyptian papyrus, were carried out in the name of the goddess Mut, shown here on a temple that dates back more than 3,200 years. According to legend she served as the “eye of Re” and left Egypt, traveling south, before returning to great rejoicing.
CREDIT: BasPhoto,Shutterstock

The newly deciphered tale refers several times to having sex. At one point a speaker implores a person to “drink truly. Eat truly. Sing” and to “don clothing, anoint (yourself), adorn the eyes, and enjoy sexual bliss.” The speaker adds that Mut will not let you “be distant from drunkenness on any day. She will not allow you to be lacking in any (manner).”

The speaker defends his views by saying, “As for those who have called me evil, Mut will ‘call’ them evil.”

Researchers know the story is fictional because it employs an Egyptian noun used only in fiction to mark separate sections of a story.

The full story

Reconstructing the overall plot narrative of the papyrus is tricky. The text is fragmentary, and researchers cannot be certain how the full story unfolded.

“Conceivably, we have here the remains of an account of how an adherent of the goddess Mut persuaded another individual to devote himself to her worship or join in her rites,” the researchers write.

This “cult fiction” interpretation of the papyrus is backed up by the Greek writer Herodotus, who lived more than 2,400 years ago. He wrote that “it was the Egyptians who first made it a matter of religious observance not to have intercourse with women in temples, nor enter a temple after such intercourse without washing.” (That translation is from “Herodotus Volume 1,” Harvard University Press, 1990.)

For some ancient Egyptians, the idea of mixing sex and religion may have been extreme, a problem priests discussed by way of a fictional story.

Smith declined an interview request, telling LiveScience that everything the researchers wanted to say is in the journal article. He did add that new fragments of the papyrus recently were discovered, and they may allow for more of the story to be deciphered.

Arctic Sea Ice Hits a Record Minimum (Infographic)


Post 3226

Arctic Sea Ice Hits a Record Minimum (Infographic)

by Karl Tate, LiveScience
Date: 24 September 2012 Time: 11:04 AM ET
A new NASA image based on satellite data shows that the extent of Arctic sea ice in September 2012 has hit a new record minimum, compared with the average minimum extent for the past 30 years.

A new NASA image based on satellite data shows that the extent of Arctic sea ice, as of September 2012, has hit a new record minimum, compared with the average minimum extent for the past 30 years.

The new minimum, set on Sept. 16, is almost 300,000 square miles (777,000 square kilometers) less than the previous record minimum set in September 2007 (1.61 million square miles or 4.17 million square kilometers).

By comparison, the state of Texas measures around 268,600 square miles (696,000 square km).

The minimum coverage of Arctic sea ice has been decreasing over the past 30 years as ocean and air temperatures have increased. The 2012 minimum is about half the size of the average extent of ice coverage from the period of 1979 to 2000.

Viral photo helps 19-year-old arthritic dog recover


Post 3225

Viral photo helps 19-year-old arthritic dog recover

By  | The Sideshow – 7 hrs ago

John Unger with Schoep in Lake Superior (Hannah Stonehouse Hudson/StonehousePhoto.com/Facebook)

photograph of a man wading in Lake Superior with his 19-year-old arthritic dog captured the hearts of millions when it was posted online last month–an outpouring that inspired the dog’s owner to launch a foundation to help low-income families care for their aging canines.

John Unger says Schoep’s Legacy Foundation has raised more than $25,000 since Unger and his dog, Schoep, were photographed by a friend, who posted the image to Facebook.

Before the photo was taken, Unger and his veterinarian had been considering putting Schoep down.

“Without treatment, John and I were talking about euthanasia at the end of July,” Erik Haukass, the vet, told the Daily Mail. But through the unsolicited donations from people who saw the photo, Unger was able to treat Schoep and extend his life.

“Schoep is doing incredible right now,” Unger said. ‘The therapies that the people have donated–it’s like turning back the clock a year and a half.”

The foundation was created, Haukass added, when the pair “realized we had received more money than we would reasonably spend on Schoep’s care.”

“It could help another 30 or 40 Schoeps,” Haukass said.

The “Official Fan Page of Schoep and John” has more than 20,000 “likes,” and Hudson has beenselling prints of the photo to benefit the cause.

“This 19-year-old [Schoep is] being cradled in his father’s arms last night in Lake Superior,” Hannah Stonehouse Hudson, the photographer, wrote in the Facebook post that sparked the outpouring. “Schoep falls asleep every night when he is carried into the lake. The buoyancy of the water soothes his arthritic bones. Lake Superior is very warm right now, so the temperature of the water is perfect. I was so happy I got to capture this moment for John. By the way, John rescued Schoep as an 8-month-old puppy, and he’s been by his side through many adventures.”

Hudson, a professional photographer, told the Pioneer Press that business is booming since the photo of Unger and Schoep was published–so much so that she recently hired her first employee plus an intern.

“I would say a 30 percent increase in shoots,” Hudson said. “Who knew a favor to a friend would turn into this? It’s completely surreal.”

Because of the public’s generosity, Schoep has been getting expensive joint laser treatments to reduce pain and swelling related to arthritis.

“He’s walking so much faster,” the 49-year-old Unger said. “It’s unbelievable.”