Bethlehem granted World Heritage status


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Bethlehem granted World Heritage status

UNESCO granted endangered World Heritage status and funding for repairs to the site revered by Christians as Jesus’ birthplace in the West Bank city of Bethlehem, despite objections from the United States and Israel.

A file photo shows visitors walking through the Church of Nativity in Bethlehem

Visitors walk through the Church of Nativity in the West Bank city of Bethlehem, in this December 23, 2007 file photo. UNESCO granted endangered World Heritage status and funding for repairs to the site seen by Christians as Jesus’s birthplace in the West Bank city of Bethlehem despite objections from the United States and Israel. Thirteen members of the World Heritage Committee out of twenty one voted in favour of the move at a meeting in St.Petersburg. The decision was met by a standing ovation. Six members voted against and two abstained. REUTERS/Nayef Hashlamoun/Files

File photo shows a nun touching a column in Church of Nativity in Bethlehem

A nun touches a column in the Church of the Nativity in the West Bank town of Bethlehem, in this December 7, 2008 file photo. UNESCO granted endangered World Heritage status and funding for repairs to the site seen by Christians as Jesus’s birthplace in the West Bank city of Bethlehem despite objections from the United States and Israel. Thirteen members of the World Heritage Committee out of twenty one voted in favour of the move at a meeting in St.Petersburg. The decision was met by a standing ovation. Six members voted against and two abstained. REUTERS/Nayef Hashlamoun/Files

A file photo shows a man walking through the Church of Nativity in Bethlehem

A man walks through the Church of Nativity in the West Bank city of Bethlehem, in this December 23, 2007 file photo. UNESCO granted endangered World Heritage status and funding for repairs to the site seen by Christians as Jesus’s birthplace in the West Bank city of Bethlehem despite objections from the United States and Israel. Thirteen members of the World Heritage Committee out of twenty one voted in favour of the move at a meeting in St.Petersburg. The decision was met by a standing ovation. Six members voted against and two abstained. REUTERS/Stoyan Nenov/Files

A file photo shows a crucifix held up in front of the Church of the Nativity during the Orthodox Christmas procession in Bethlehem

A crucifix is held up in front of the Church of the Nativity during the Orthodox Christmas procession in the West Bank town of Bethlehem, in this January 6, 2011 file photo. UNESCO granted endangered World Heritage status and funding for repairs to the site seen by Christians as Jesus’s birthplace in the West Bank city of Bethlehem despite objections from the United States and Israel. Thirteen members of the World Heritage Committee out of twenty one voted in favour of the move at a meeting in St.Petersburg. The decision was met by a standing ovation. Six members voted against and two abstained. REUTERS/Ammar Awad/Files

A file photo shows a Christian worshipper praying in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem

A Christian worshipper prays in the Church of the Nativity in the West Bank town of Bethlehem, ahead of Christmas, in this December 15, 2011 file photo. UNESCO granted endangered World Heritage status and funding for repairs to the site seen by Christians as Jesus’s birthplace in the West Bank city of Bethlehem despite objections from the United States and Israel. Thirteen members of the World Heritage Committee out of twenty one voted in favour of the move at a meeting in St.Petersburg. The decision was met by a standing ovation. Six members voted against and two abstained. REUTERS/Mohamad Torokman/Files

A file photo shows nuns waiting for the Eastern Orthodox Christmas procession outside the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem

Nuns wait for the Eastern Orthodox Christmas procession outside the Church of the Nativity in the West Bank town of Bethlehem, in this January 6, 2010 file photo. UNESCO granted endangered World Heritage status and funding for repairs to the site seen by Christians as Jesus’s birthplace in the West Bank city of Bethlehem despite objections from the United States and Israel. Thirteen members of the World Heritage Committee out of twenty one voted in favour of the move at a meeting in St.Petersburg. The decision was met by a standing ovation. Six members voted against and two abstained. REUTERS/Ammar Awad/Files

Christian pilgrims visit the Church of Nativity in the Palestinian town of Bethlehem

Christian pilgrims visit the Church of Nativity — worshipped as the traditional birthplace of Jesus Christ — in the Palestinian town of Bethlehem. The UN cultural body UNESCO has overriden Israeli objections to urgently grant world heritage status to the church. (AFP Photo/Musa al Shaer)

Christian pilgrims visit the Church of Nativity, the traditional birthplace of Jesus Christ, in Bethlehem

 

Christian pilgrims visit the Church of Nativity, the traditional birthplace of Jesus Christ, in the biblical Palestinian town of Bethlehem on June 28. The Palestinians hailed Friday’s granting by UNESCO of world heritage status to the Church of the Nativity in the West Bank city of Bethlehem as a “historic day for justice.” (AFP Photo/Musa al Shaer)

A file picture shows a Palestinian woman walking with a child past a shadow of a cross cast by the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem

A Palestinian woman walks with a child past a shadow of a cross cast by the Church of the Nativity, in the West Bank town of Bethlehem, before Christmas in this December 16, 2010 file photo. UNESCO granted endangered World Heritage status and funding for repairs to the site seen by Christians as Jesus’s birthplace in the West Bank city of Bethlehem despite objections from the United States and Israel. Thirteen members of the World Heritage Committee out of twenty one voted in favour of the move at a meeting in St.Petersburg. The decision was met by a standing ovation. Six members voted against and two abstained. REUTERS/Ammar Awad/Files

A Palestinian stands on a section of the path which tradition says Joseph and Mary took into the Bethlehem in their trek from Nazareth 2, 000 years ago

A Palestinian stands on a section of the Pilgrimage Route, the path which tradition says Joseph and Mary took into the West Bank city of Bethlehem in their trek from Nazareth some 2,000 years ago, June 28, 2012. Palestinians hope to persuade UNESCO this weekend to declare parts of Bethlehem, including the Pilgrimage Route, and its Church of the Nativity endangered World Heritage sites in order to expedite funding for repairs. REUTERS/Ammar Awad

A tourist takes a photograph in the Church of the Nativity, in Bethlehem

A tourist (L) takes a photograph in the Church of the Nativity, the site revered as the birthplace of Jesus, in the West Bank town of Bethlehem June 28, 2012. Palestinians hope to persuade UNESCO this weekend to declare parts of Bethlehem and its Church of the Nativity endangered World Heritage sites in order to expedite funding for repairs. REUTERS/Ammar Awad

An employee of the Church of the Nativity, lights a candle in Bethlehem

An employee of the Church of the Nativity, the site revered as the birthplace of Jesus, lights a candle in the West Bank town of Bethlehem June 28, 2012. Palestinians hope to persuade UNESCO this weekend to declare parts of Bethlehem and its Church of the Nativity, endangered World Heritage sites in order to expedite funding for repairs. REUTERS/Ammar Awad

 

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10,000 diamonds on display at Buckingham Palace


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10,000 diamonds on display at Buckingham Palace

http://news.yahoo.com/photos/10-000-diamonds-on-display-at-buckingham-palace-slideshow/

 

More than 10,000 of the gems are going on display at Buckingham Palace in a celebration of jewelry owned by British monarchs over three centuries. The exhibition includes a coronation necklace and other gems worn by Queen Elizabeth II as well as items from the royal collection, including the miniature crown adorned with 1,187 diamonds worn by Queen Victoria for her 1897 Diamond Jubilee.

Exhibition curator Caroline de Guitaut poses with Queen Victoria's Small Diamond Crown at the Queen's Gallery in Buckingham Palace

Exhibition curator Caroline de Guitaut poses with Queen Victoria’s Small Diamond Crown at the Queen’s Gallery in Buckingham Palace, London, in this file photograph dated May 15, 2012. More than 10,000 diamonds go on show at London’s Buckingham Palace this week to mark Queen Elizabeth’s 60th year on the throne, in a dazzling display of gems gathered over the centuries as objects of beauty and symbols of power. The exhibition, which runs from June 30 to July 8 and then from July 31 to Oct. 7, was designed to coincide with the queen’s diamond jubilee this year, and features jewels she wears regularly at official functions in Britain and abroad. REUTERS/Stefan Wermuth/files (BRITAIN – Tags: ENTERTAINMENT ROYALS SOCIETY)

Exhibition curator Caroline de Guitaut poses with the Cullinan VII necklace at the Queen's Gallery in Buckingham Palace

Exhibition curator Caroline de Guitaut poses with the Cullinan VII necklace at the Queen’s Gallery in Buckingham Palace, London May 15, 2012. A special exhibition “Diamonds: A Jubilee Celebration” will run from June 30 – July 8 and July 31 – October 7, in celebration of Queen Elizabeth’s Diamond Jubilee anniversary. REUTERS/Stefan Wermuth (BRITAIN – Tags: ENTERTAINMENT ROYALS SOCIETY)

Exhibition curator Caroline de Guitaut poses with the Cullinan III and IV brooch at the Queen's Gallery in Buckingham Palace

Exhibition curator Caroline de Guitaut poses with the Cullinan III and IV brooch at the Queen’s Gallery in Buckingham Palace, London, in this file photograph dated May 15, 2012. More than 10,000 diamonds go on show at London’s Buckingham Palace this week to mark Queen Elizabeth’s 60th year on the throne, in a dazzling display of gems gathered over the centuries as objects of beauty and symbols of power. The exhibition, which runs from June 30 to July 8 and then from July 31 to Oct. 7, was designed to coincide with the queen’s diamond jubilee this year, and features jewels she wears regularly at official functions in Britain and abroad. REUTERS/Stefan Wermuth/files (BRITAIN – Tags: ENTERTAINMENT ROYALS SOCIETY)

This Thursday June 28, 2012 photo shows curator Caroline de Guitaut, holding the Delhi Durbar Tiara, on show for the first time and made to mark the succession of King George V as King Emperor in 1911

This Thursday June 28, 2012 photo shows curator Caroline de Guitaut, holding the Delhi Durbar Tiara, on show for the first time and made to mark the succession of King George V as King Emperor in 1911, at a new exhibition at Buckingham Palace, London. The new exhibition at Buckingham Palace shows jewels collected by six monarchs over three centuries to mark the Queen’s Diamond jubilee this summer. (AP Photo/Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire) UNITED KINGDOM OUT

This Thursday June 28, 2012 photo shows curator Caroline de Guitaut, standing behind the Delhi Durbar Necklace and Cullinan Pendant made up of diamonds and emeralds, created for the Delhi Durbar of 19

This Thursday June 28, 2012 photo shows curator Caroline de Guitaut, standing behind the Delhi Durbar Necklace and Cullinan Pendant made up of diamonds and emeralds, created for the Delhi Durbar of 1911 and owned by Queen Mary, at a new exhibition at Buckingham Palace, London. The new exhibition at Buckingham Palace shows jewels collected by six monarchs over three centuries to mark the Queen’s Diamond jubilee this summer. (AP Photo/Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire) UNITED KINGDOM OUT

The Queen wears the Diadem crown in May. The crown will be on display as part of the exhibition at Buckingham Palace

Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II is pictured wearing the Diadem crown at the opening of Parliament in May. More than 10,000 diamonds set in works worn by British monarchs for over 250 years will go on show at London’s Buckingham Palace this summer to celebrate the Queen’s diamond jubilee. The exhibition includes a range of the queen’s personal jewels, including the Diadem crown. (AFP Photo/SUZANNE PLUNKETT)

APNewsBreak: Proof of ‘God particle’ found


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APNewsBreak: Proof of ‘God particle’ found

Associated PressBy JOHN HEILPRIN | Associated Press – 21 mins ago

FILE - In this May 20, 2011 file photo, a physicist explains the ATLAS experiment on a board at the European Center for Nuclear Research, CERN, outside Geneva, Switzerland. The illustration shows what

FILE – In this May 20, 2011 file photo, a physicist explains the ATLAS experiment on a board at the European Center for Nuclear Research, CERN, outside Geneva, Switzerland. The illustration shows what the long-presumed Higgs boson particle is thought to look like. Scientists at CERN plan to make an announcement on Wednesday, July 4, 2012 about their hunt for the elusive sub-atomic particle. Physicists have said previously they are increasingly confident that they are closing in on it based on hints at its existence hidden away in reams of data. (AP Photo/Anja Niedringhaus, File)

GENEVA (AP) — Scientists working at the world’s biggest atom smasher plan to announce Wednesday that they have gathered enough evidence to show that the long-sought “God particle” answering fundamental questions about the universe almost certainly does exist.

But after decades of work and billions of dollars spent, researchers at the European Organization for Nuclear Research, or CERN, say they aren’t quite ready to say they’ve “discovered” the particle.

Instead, experts familiar with the research at CERN’s vast complex on the Swiss-French border say that the massive data they have obtained will essentially show the footprint of the key particle known as the Higgs boson — all but proving it exists — but doesn’t allow them to say it has actually been glimpsed.

It appears to be a fine distinction. Senior CERN scientists say that the two independent teams of physicists who plan to present their work at CERN’s vast complex on the Swiss-French border on July 4 are about as close as you can get to a discovery without actually calling it one.

“I agree that any reasonable outside observer would say, ‘It looks like a discovery,'” British theoretical physicist John Ellis, a professor at King’s College London who has worked at CERN since the 1970s, told The Associated Press. “We’ve discovered something which is consistent with being a Higgs.”

FILE - In this May 20, 2011 file photo, a wall painting by artist Josef Kristofoletti  is seen at the Atlas experiment site at the  European Center for Nuclear Research, CERN, outside Geneva, Switzerl

FILE – In this May 20, 2011 file photo, a wall painting by artist Josef Kristofoletti is seen at the Atlas experiment site at the European Center for Nuclear Research, CERN, outside Geneva, Switzerland. The painting shows how a Higgs boson may look. Scientists at CERN plan to make an announcement on Wednesday, July 4, 2012 about their hunt for the elusive sub-atomic particle. Physicists have said previously they are increasingly confident that they are closing in on it based on hints at its existence hidden away in reams of data. (AP Photo/Anja Niedringhaus)

CERN’s atom smasher, the $10 billion Large Hadron Collider, has been creating high-energy collisions of protons to help them understand suspected phenomena such as dark matter, antimatter and ultimately the creation of the universe billions of years ago, which many theorize occurred as a massive explosion known as the Big Bang.

For particle physicists, finding the Higgs boson is a key to confirming the standard model of physics that explains what gives mass to matter and, by extension, how the universe was formed.

Rob Roser, who leads the search for the Higgs boson at the Fermilab in Chicago, says “particle physicists have a very high standard for what it takes to be a discovery” and thinks it is a hair’s breadth away.

Rosen compared the results scientists are preparing to announce Wednesday to finding the fossilized imprint of a dinosaur: “You see the footprints and the shadow of the object, but you don’t actually see it.”

Borenstein reported from Washington

Guinness says Philippine croc world’s largest


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Guinness says Philippine croc world’s largest

AFPAFP – 7 hrs ago

Saltwater crocodile Lolong weighs more than a tonne and is suspected of killing two people in the Philippines

File photo taken in September 2011 shows the saltwater crocodile called “Lolong”, which was captured in the Agusan marsh on the island of Mindanao last September. Lolong has been declared the largest such reptile in captivity by the Guinness Book of World Records

A saltwater crocodile weighing more than a tonne and suspected of killing two people in the Philippines has been declared the largest such reptile in captivity by the Guinness Book of World Records.

The 6.17-metre (20.24-foot) male, nicknamed “Lolong”, was captured in the Agusan marsh on the southern island of Mindanaolast September after a two-year search following the killing of a girl and the disappearance of a fisherman.

“The largest crocodile in captivity is Lolong, a saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), who measured 6.17 m,” Guinness said on its website.

“Lolong’s weight was also measured at a nearby truck weigh-bridge and verified as approximately 1,075 kg (2,370 lbs).”

Crocodile known as Lolong makes history (AP)

Welinda Asis Elorde, media affairs coordinator for the town of Bunawan, which has custody of the new record-holder, said Monday the local government had received an official certification from Guinness.

“He’s doing well. I think he has already adapted to his new environment,” Elorde told AFP by telephone.

At first, Lolong was fed the equivalent of 10 percent of his body weight in beef, pork and poultry every month, but an expert put him on a diet of eight to 10 kilograms a week to get him to be more active, she added.

The expert also recommended that the meat be given with skin and feathers attached, to help digestion.

“I was there (at the crocodile park where Lolong is kept) yesterday and he remains a big tourist attraction. Hundreds of people visit him in a day,” Elorde added.

The Guinness record was previously held by Cassius, a 5.48-metre Australian saltwater crocodile weighing close to a tonne.

Cassius has been kept at a crocodile park at an island off Queensland since his capture in the Northern Territory in 1984.

8 Exercises to Improve Your Mental Health


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8 Exercises to Improve Your Mental Health

http://www.onlinepsychologydegree.net/2012/07/01/8-exercises-to-improve-your-mental-health/

As we age, our mental health deteriorates and we become less sharp. But just because your memory is fading and your problem-solving skills have weakened throughout the years doesn’t mean you can’t turn it around and improve your mental health today. All our brains need are some good teasers and training to come back to life. Here are eight exercises to improve your mental health.

  1. Exercise:

    Daily exercise and physical activity prevents disease and makes you stronger, but it also improves your mental health. Ever heard of a little thing called endorphins? These feel-good chemicals are released during exercise and other activities and have been known to increase feelings of euphoria, happiness, and well-being. In addition to the endorphin increase, exercise also reduces stress and anxiety, the common culprits of depression and other debilitating mental disorders. It doesn’t matter if you walk, bike, swim, or weight-lift; all types of exercise are good for the body and mind.

  2. Meditation:

    The act of sitting still, closing your eyes, and clearing your thoughts can do wonders for your mind and body. Meditation means something different to everyone, and the benefits of regular meditation range from increased self-awareness and heightened spiritual connection to improved mood. Meditation exercises can significantly improve your mental health by allowing you to let go of negative thoughts and feelings and reach a higher consciousness. You’ll likely feel relaxed and rejuvenated after meditating and be ready to take on the day or end the day with a clear, healthy mindset.

  3. Memorization:

    One of the best ways to improve your mental health and increase your brain power is to memorize bits of information and recite them. Whether you memorize a grocery list, a phone number, or a joke, memorization is a valuable tool and beneficial exercise for the brain. Remember, it’s just as important to test your long-term memory as it is to test your short-term memory. An easy way to do this is to talk to an old friend or family member and try to recall specific names, dates, and events that require you to tap into your stored memories.

  4. Learn something new:

    A great way to exercise your brain and improve your mental health is to learn something new like speaking a foreign language, playing an instrument, or mastering a recipe. When you learn a new skill, you encounter different challenges that force you to step out of your comfort zone, make mistakes, and reach new goals. Once you’ve mastered a new skill, you’ll feel an overwhelming sense of fulfillment and self-satisfaction, both of which are excellent mental health boosts.

  5. Solve problems:

    Whether it’s math problems or scheduling issues, problem-solving is an incredibly important skill we use every day. There are many techniques and skills involved in problem-solving, and those who regularly exercise this area of the brain may improve their overall mental health. Don’t shy away from problems; try to solve them on your own. Although the process of solving a problem can be frustrating, you’ll feel proud and empowered when you find a resolution.

  6. Test your concentration:

    No matter your age, you can always work on improving your attention and concentration. You can do so by exercising your brain with games and teasers that stimulate your concentration skills and help you retain more information. Improving your concentration skills can help you in a job and other tasks that require you to pay close attention and memorize important information.

  7. Do puzzles and games:

    Puzzles and games challenge your brain in so many positive ways and can greatly increase your overall mental health. Working on puzzles and games will require you to use critical thinking, problem solving, and reasoning skills. These exercises stimulate your mind, improve your concentration, and enhance your vocabulary and math skills. Not to mention, working on jigsaw puzzles or crossword puzzles yourself can be a very relaxing and rewarding activity.

  8. Read and write often:

    There are many mental health benefits of reading and writing that go way beyond relaxation and entertainment. Reading and writing stimulate the brain, spark imagination, and increase creativity. Regular reading and writing can increase your comprehension skills, vocabulary, grammar, and memory. Not to mention, both exercises can be very therapeutic for the mind. Writing can also help you address negative thoughts and bad memories that affect your overall mental health.

 

41 Open Ed Resources Kids Love


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41 Open Ed Resources Kids Love

http://oedb.org/library/beginning-online-learning/41-open-ed-resources-kids-love

One of the best things the Internet blessed us with (besides Maru the box-loving cat) involves increased educational opportunities for children and adults alike. Although some progress still needs to be made when it comes to accessibility opening lessons up to special needs learners, there are plenty of resources for engaging a wide variety of absorption styles. Whether you’re a teacher looking to incorporate new media into a classroom setting, a homeschooling family, or a parent hoping to supplement the day’s formal coursework, the following resources offer some particularly great examples of using digital technology to get kids exploring the universe. They’re fun. They’re free. And they feature a diverse selection of topics and strategies, meaning almost every user will find something of interest.

  1. Tux Paint:

    Art and technology collide in a super fun (and super free!) program devoted to helping kids build the computer and creative literacy needed to succeed.

  2. Python4Kids:

    Suitable for ages 8 and up, Python4Kids offers quick, simple tutorials getting curious, young computer scientists into the bare basics of the eponymous programming language.

  3. Platinum Arts Sandbox 3D Game Maker:

    This is another great melding of “left-brained” and “right-brained” stimulation challenging both kids and parents to develop their very own computer games right at home.

  4. GettyGames:

    Explore the Getty Museum’s world-famous holdings through a few different games as well as instructions on whipping up lush works of art right at home.

  5. Internet Archive:

    The biggest library in the world overflows with videos, images, articles, and other educational resources suitable for all ages and learning styles.

  6. Robert Krampf: The Happy Scientist:

    Not everything available through this gentle, bearded scientist’s website is free, but he still posts some highly informative photos, videos, and other resources completely gratis!

  7. SnagFilms:

    When desiring some edifying viewing, send the kidlets over to SnagFilms to watch documentaries both obscure and Oscar-winning.

  8. Canorus:

    Encourage musically-inclined children to compose their own suites in multiple formats — including MIDI — and understand the core components of the auditory arts.

  9. Project Gutenberg:

    Bibliophiliacs adore Project Gutenberg for its devotion to bringing the world public domain classics (and not-so-classics) in multiple digital formats; perfect for kids who want to explore the world of reading.

  10. Federal Resources for Educational Excellence:

    Browse the U.S. government’s holdings of educational resources promoting a wide range of subjects through almost any media imaginable.

  11. Smithsonian Kids:

    One of the nation’s foremost educational institutions provides curious kids with numerous reads, games, wikis, videos, and other stimulating conduits pertaining to pretty much every academic area imaginable.

  12. The Kids Open Dictionary Builder:

    Nurture budding wordsmiths with this project meant to cobble together a highly informative, convenient dictionary for students; encourage kids to participate by formulating their own definitions and sharing them with other participants.

  13. Open Culture:

    No matter the subject or skill level, chances are Open Culture links up to something of academic value; along with the expected cache of multimedia, it also points users in the direction of free online classes.

  14. Discovery Kids:

    The Discovery Channel piques the interest of young visitors through educational games, quizzes, puzzles, projects, and fact sheets about the sciences — and yes, they involve more than just sharks!

  15. TED:

    Tune in to a dazzling array of video lectures and musical performances featuring highly accessible glimpses into almost every subjects kids would find riveting.

  16. PBS Kids:

    Suitable for very young children, PBS Kids’ offerings — like games and videos — teach them basic life skills, literacy, and simple math and science lessons.

  17. Stellarium:

    Stargaze from the comforts of the computer with this three-dimensional planetarium mapping out all the astronomical wonders the night sky offers.

  18. Young Explorers:

    The British Museum, an extensive (and obviously quite controversial) repository of archaeological and cultural marvels, pulls from its diverse holdings to offer lessons in history and culture.

  19. SchoolForge.net:

    With so many free games and educational resources covering almost every basic school subject imaginable, students are likely to find something appealing to download and explore.

  20. MetMedia Kid Zone:

    Through podcasts and other audio, as well as interactive activities, the Metropolitan Museum of Art educates kids (and adults) about the wondrous world of creative expression.

  21. YouTube EDU:

    Multiple educational institutions from the primary to the college level contribute videos of lectures and lessons about the most common academic fields — and maybe a few not-so-common ones as well.

  22. Dyscover:

    Very few open source educational resources explicitly address the special needs of learning disabled children, meaning Dyscover stands out for making learning more accessible. It boasts numerous teaching strategies for learning letters, numbers, vocabulary, and more to suit different styles.

  23. Kids.net.au:

    Parents and teachers breathe a sigh of relief when children explore the Internet’s myriad offerings (as well as dictionaries, thesauri, and language translators) without worrying about harmful content.

  24. FunBrain.com:

    Kids can easily lose hours of their time on one of the most popular websites hosting educational games, interactive books, and plenty more resources featuring their favorite characters and subjects.

  25. ToonDo:

    This fun, easy-to-use storytelling tool uses the comic strip format to get users creating their very own narratives, honing both their literary and artistic acumen.

  26. Scratch:

    MIT developers drew up an entire programming language specifically for children with the hopes of getting their computer literacy started early.

  27. San Diego Zoo Kids:

    For the animal lovers out there, one of the country’s most popular zoos hosts a seriously amazing portal for kids to learn all about their favorites, with games, webcams, career information, videos, activities both online and off, and more.

  28. Free Rice:

    Free Rice donates food to impoverished nations for every right answer; it shouldn’t be the only giving one does, but the site educates about different subjects while teaching users how to act as responsible global citizens.

  29. Kids@Random:

    Favorite children’s characters like the Berenstein Bears, Thomas the Tank Engine, and the crews from Disney, Sesame StreetDora the ExplorerShining Time Station, and more come alive through Random House’s online cache of games, activities, contests, videos, and other media.

  30. KidsKnowIt.com:

    Music, movies, games and more dominate one of the Internet’s leading portals for engaging educational resources that don’t cost a penny.

  31. Languagegames.org:

    Build vocabulary in five different languages (English, Spanish, French, German, and Italian) through word searches, crosswords, and hangman.

  32. Khan Academy:

    Khan Academy’s popularity has swelled to include well over 3,200 video lessons in pretty much every topic, reaching out toward pretty much every ability level.

  33. founding dreams:

    Here’s another great site swimming in games regarding multiple academic areas (especially math) and catering to kindergartners through sixth graders.

  34. Fisher-Price Online Games & Activities:

    Parents and their infants, toddlers, and preschoolers gather here for gentle games about creativity and the basics of problem-solving, letters, numbers, music, healthy choices and more.

  35. Bill Nye the Science Guy:

    Worksheets about science and math, videos, and instructions for some seriously cool DIY experiments sit right on the main Internet hub for the beloved popular science buff.

  36. Piano Lessons 4 Children:

    Maria Miller posts videos and song sheets for kids hoping to get started on the most basic musical concepts.

  37. ChessKIDS Academy:

    Let kids pick up all the core components of this ancient strategy game, which nurtures critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

  38. Family Playground and The Stacks:

    Hosted by Scholastic, Family Playground (for ages 3 through 7) and The Stacks (for ages 8 through 12) use their most famous characters and titles to present engaging educational activities promoting literacy — among other subjects, too, of course.

  39. National Geographic Kids:

    From animals and ecosystems to ancient and contemporary cultures, the National Geographic Team brings eager, young minds some excellent lessons via the usual media outposts.

  40. Documentary Heaven:

    Another excellent site hosting thousands of educational documentaries about nearly everything kids want to explore.

  41. Learn English Kids:

    Presented by the British Council, Learn English Kids works for both ESL learners and younger native speakers learning it for the very first time — or needing a supplement.

10 College Majors With the Biggest Gender Gap


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10 College Majors With the Biggest Gender Gap

http://www.bachelorsdegreeonline.com/blog/2012/10-college-majors-with-the-biggest-gender-gap/#.T_GaBhedDmN

July 1, 2012

College newspapers and mainstream media outlets alike oftentimes ruminate on the gender gaps that exist in numerous degree plans. While most attention turns toward the lack of women in STEM fields, many majors overwhelmingly experience a crush of females with very few men signing up. The actualities of which diplomas currently experience grossly unequal distributions of sex probably contain few surprises. After all, arbitrary, outdated standards dictating how men and women should and should not conduct themselves still influence American society; things may be improving little by little over time, but the following major choices still prove that some stigmas need more shattering.

For the sake of consistency, all statistics have been culled from this Ask Dr. Salary blog post by Katie Bardaro unless otherwise noted.

  1. Fashion:

    Fashion design stands as the most gender-stratified college major these days — quite a shock for anyone who mentally gravitates toward the STEM fields whenever the subject pops up. A staggering 95% of the discipline is made up of females, and the reasons for this ought to be obvious. Thanks to unfortunate (and as The Guardian’s Hadley Freeman points out, entirely wrong) stereotypes of men interested in fashion as less-than-masculine or gay, any Y chromosomes considering the degree plan and resulting career paths turn toward something a little more “socially acceptable.”

  2. Construction Management:

    Men make up 93% of construction management degree programs, making it the most male-dominated major these days. In a New York Times article, Roxanne Rivera declares these days the most ideal for women hoping to enter into the industry. Despite discouragement from the men in their lives, many of the perceptions that construction workers refuse to take orders from ladies prove largely false in application. Competent leaders’ directives speak for themselves, Rivera reveals, and despite standing as a gender minority in the industry, women will not face nearly as much adversity now as they once did.

  3. Mechanical Engineering:

    According to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the few women who pick the college and career path tend toward medical and energy applications. Though they slowly seem to seep into mechanical engineering, 92% of majors are still of the masculine persuasion, and even within the industry everything stays rather gendered. Because of prevailing sexual norms and stereotypes, ladies socialized to act as caretakers prefer jobs that help society. ASME and other organizations hope to broaden their presence in numerous mechanical engineering fields.

  4. Electrical Engineering:

    Ninety-one percent of electrical engineering degrees wind up in the hands of men, owing to the history of being painted as an inherently “masculine” pursuit. Although other engineering paths have been experiencing a slow trickle of more and more ladies, all things electrical don’t seem to follow the trend. Theories regarding the phenomenon abound, but nobody has yet to pinpoint a definitive reason why women pass up electrical engineering in favor of their counterparts in other industries. Most of them involve the usual negative social portrayals of technologically gifted women as sexually undesirable or simply not intelligent enough to keep up with their male contemporaries.

  5. Interior Design:

    Much like fashion design, the home-and-business-decorating degree plans remain almost the exclusive domain of women — to the point that academic inquiries have been launched on the topic. Once again, rampant homophobia ruins it for men hoping to pursue such careers, meaning ladies make up 90% of interior design majors. Heterosexual men do, in fact, work in the industry, but society manages to mock them as scornfully “feminine”; and in a climate that shames anything beyond rigid gender norms, one can sadly see why even the most talented and passionate interior designer males opt for a different diploma.

  6. Physics:

    Most future Feynmans these days will probably hail from the XY set unless more schools, professionals, and organizations reach out to the lady folk. Eighty-nine percent of physics degrees are conferred to men, and The American Physical Society (as well as similar institutions) continuously searches for sustainable solutions encouraging women to enter into the discipline. Stronger leadership from female and male mentors alike, an emphasis on astronomy (apparently a subject many science-leaning ladies love), and supportive environments free of gendered biases hold the key to establishing a more equitable physics scene for future female thinkers and innovators.

  7. Tie: Social Work and Nursing:

    Even in a supposedly “enlightened” society, stigmas regarding male nurses and social workers flit about freely. Thanks to stereotypes painting any sort of physical and emotional care (outside of doctoring) as inherently female, men rarely sign up to major in either subject, leaving women to dominate at 88%. Upon graduating and launching their careers, many guys speak openly about their experiences (both anonymously and publicly) in order to chip away at the ideologies that hurt people of all genders and gender identities — not to mention their patients!

  8. Aerospace Engineering:

    Like most of the other engineering disciplines, aerospace largely entertains the male demographic, claiming 87% of the majors out there. And, like most of the other engineering disciplines, a history of limiting gender stereotypes (which cut both ways, obviously) roadblock women from entering into fields they might otherwise consider. Many organizations nurture a more sex-equitable climate via workshops, scholarships, mentorships, and other programming meant to smash through unfair societal restraints.

  9. Occupational Therapy:

    By this point, it’s safe to assume that perpetuated mindsets forcing women into caretaker pigeonholes and men into the strong, innovative counterpart are to blame for serious gender gaps in industries like occupational therapy. Eighty-six percent of majors are female, and NPR notes that they also comprise 90% of the professional field as well. Many of the same tired old stigmas levied onto men who roll with nursing and social work apply to occupational therapists, an unfortunate phenomenon both males and females in the field hope to eventually quell.

  10. Tie: Civil Engineering and Computer Science:

    And tied for the 10th most gender stratified college majors: civil engineering and computer science, each dominated as 85% male. Stereotyping is, of course, the culprit here, with solutions running the gamut from mentoring and scholarship incentives to special interest organizations offering  support, advice, workshops, conferences, and other initiatives meant to close up the prodigious gulf.