Tour Central Java :
Keraton Surakarta Hadiningrat
Keraton Surakarta or in a language called Java Hadiningrat Surakarta Palace, a former royal palace in Surakarta Kasunanan Hadiningrat (1755-1946). It was founded by His Majesty Sultan Palace Pakubuwono II (Sunan PB II) in 1744 as a substitute for the Palace / Palace Kartasura ravaged caused commotion in 1743′s Chinatown.
|Last palace of Mataram kingdom was established in the village of Sala (Solo), a small port on the west bank of the River, (the river) Concrete / Sala. After the official palace of Mataram Kingdom was completed, the village name was changed to Surakarta Hadiningrat. The Palace is also a silent witness transfer of sovereignty in the kingdom of Mataram by Sunan PB II to the VOC in the year 1749. After the 1755 Treaty Giyanti years, the palace was later used as an official palace for Kasunanan Surakarta until 1946, when the Government of Indonesia officially remove Kasunanan Surakarta and turn it into a residency directly under the President of Indonesia.Architectural grandeurKeraton (Palace) in Surakarta is one of the exotic buildings in his time. One architect of this palace is Prince Mangkubumi (later the title of Sultan Hamengkubuwono I) which is also the main architect of Yogyakarta Palace. Therefore it is not surprising that the basic pattern of spatial structure are both Kraton (Yogyakarta and Surakarta) has much in common equation.|
Keraton Surakarta as can be witnessed today was not built simultaneously in 1744-45, but was built in stages by maintaining basic spatial patterns that remain the same as initially. Development and large-scale restoration recently performed by His Majesty Pakubuwono X (Sunan PB X), which reigned 1893-1939. Most of this palace of white and blue color shades with a mixture of Javanese-style arsitekrur Europe.In general, the distribution of the palace include: Complex Square Lor / North, Sasana Sumewa Complex, Complex Sitihinggil Lor / North, Lor Kamandungan Complex / North, Sri Manganti Complex, Complex Kedhaton, Kamagangan Complex, Complex Srimanganti South / South (?) And Kemandungan South / South and South Sitihinggil Complex and Alun-alun Kidul. This palace complex is also surrounded by baluwarti, a defensive wall with a height of about three to five meters and a thickness of about one meter without the pavilion. These walls enclose an area with a rectangular shape. The area size of about five hundred yards wide and about seven hundred meters long. Palace complex within the walls is from Kemandungan Lor / Kemandungan North to South / South. Both complexes Sitihinggil and square is not surrounded by defensive walls.source: wikipedia.org