Tour Central Java: KERATON JOGJAKARTA
History Of Keraton Jogya
It lies between the northern boundary and the monument as a Stage Krapyak the south border, between Code River in the east and west Winongo River. Between Mount Merapi and the South Sea, Palace in the mind of the Javanese society, defined as the center of the world which is described as the center of the universe.
After Giyanti Agreement, Prince Mangkubumi given the Yogyakarta region. To run his administration, Prince Mangkubumi built a castle in the year 1755 in the Forest region Beringan. This land is considered good enough because flanked by two rivers that protect it from being flooded. The first king of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta is the title of Prince Mangkubumi lane I (HB I).
Naming and Meaning Layout
Palace, Palace or Kraton, Derived from the word ka-Queen’s, Which means a place to live the queen / king. Its broader meaning, described in simple, that all structures and buildings in the Palace area has the meaning related to essential Javanese philosophy of life, ie Sangkan Paraning Dumadi (Where they come from humans and where eventually humans after death
Outlines, the Kraton area extending 5 km to the south until Krapyak and 2 km to the north end of Monument. On this line there is a linear inverse duality, so that could be read symbolically philosophical. From south to north, as the birth of humanity from a high place to the perishable nature, and vice versa as the process of returning humans to the side Dumadi (God in the view of Java). While the Palace as a physical with the king as a symbol of the true soul that comes into the physical body.
Palace to Tugu monument as a way of life that is full of temptations. Beringharjo market symbolizes women temptation. While the temptation for power is symbolized by Kepatihan Building. Both are located on the right. Straight road itself as a human symbol close to the Creator (Paraning impressive Dumadi).
In a simple, symbolic monument Phallus (Male) and Krapyak asYoni (Female). And the Palace as the physical origin of the two.
The meaning of Yogyakarta Space
Hit by the earthquake in 1867, the Palace was severely damaged. At the time of HB VII in 1889, the buildings are refurbished. The lay still retained, but the shape of the building changed, as seen now
Tugu and Ward, or Ward Manguntur Tangkil Kencana (where the king’s throne), located in a straight line, this means, when the Emperor sat on his throne and looked toward the monument, so he will always remember the people (Gusti subjects unity).
Same order of the Kingdom of Mataram Dynasty in general. Ward Kencana that is where the king’s reign, together with Prabayeksa as a place to keep sacred weapons Palace (in this room there Wiji Kyai oil lamps, which are always kept servants in the palace in order not to die), serves as the center. Wards are covered by the court Kedhaton, so as to achieve the center, must pass through layers of pages that resemble a series of bewa (waves) above the ocean.
Spatial arrangement of the Palace is very similar to the constellation of mountain and Jambu Dwipa, which is seen as a continental center of the universe.
From north to south area of the Palace there are successive North Square, North Hinggil Siti, North Kemandhungan, Srimanganti, Kedhaton, Kemagangan, South Kemandhungan, Siti Hinggil Square South and South (the sheltered courtyard wall height).
While the door to go through to get to each place nine, called Regol. From there north gate, pangurukan, the stage grand, brajanala, srimanganti, kemagangan, gadhung Mlati, kemandhungan and ivory.
Brongtodiningrat critical look at these numbers, the highest number that describes perfection. This corresponds to nine holes in human beings, commonly called babahan hawa sanga.
The sacredness of each Palace building is indicated by the frequency and intensity of activity at the site of the Sultan.
Square, Performances, and Siti Hinggil, in place of Sultan only comes three times a year, namely during the events of Pisowan Ageng Grebeg Mawlood, Sawal and Besar. And the opportunities so incidental a very specific example during the coronation of the Emperor and Crown Prince or Princess Coronation Duke Anom.
Sultan Palace is an old building that was once damaged and restored. Looks like other Kingdom buildings. But if we explore Yogyakarta Palace, which is the largest and most beautiful examples with symbolic meaning, a philosophy of life, human nature, how nature works and human beings live their lives and various symbols of life existence in them.