Antarctica Experiment Discovers Puzzling Space Ray Pattern


Antarctica Experiment Discovers Puzzling Space Ray Pattern

Top of Form

Bottom of FormClara Moskowitz
LiveScience Senior Writer
LiveScience.com clara Moskowitz
livescience Senior Writer
livescience.com
– Fri Jul 30, 8:15 am ET

==

A puzzling pattern in the cosmic rays bombarding Earth from space has been discovered by an experiment buried deep under the ice of Antarctica.

Cosmic rays are highly energetic particles streaming in from space that are thought to originate in the distant remnants of dead stars.

But it turns out these particles are not arriving uniformly from all directions. The new study detected an overabundance of cosmic rays coming from one part of the sky, and a lack of cosmic rays coming from another.

This odd pattern was detected by the IceCube Neutrino Observatory, an experiment still under construction that is actually intended to detect other exotic particles called neutrinos. In fact, scientists have gone out of their way to try to block out all signals from cosmic rays in order to search for the highly elusive neutrinos, which are much harder to find.

Yet in sifting through their cosmic-ray data to try to separate it from possible neutrino signals, the researchers noticed the intriguing pattern.

In other space news: Click image for a slideshow of the solar system as never seen before



SOHO-ESA and NASA; Kinetikon Pictures

“IceCube was not built to look at cosmic rays. Cosmic rays are considered background,” said University of Wisconsin-Madison researcher Rasha Abbasi in a statement. “However, we have billions of events of background downward cosmic rays that ended up being very exciting.”

Previous studies have found a similar lopsidedness (called anisotropy) in the sky over the Northern Hemisphere, but this was the first time scientists saw that the pattern extended to the southern sky visible from Antarctica.

“At the beginning, we didn’t know what to expect,” Abbasi said. “To see this anisotropy extending to the Southern Hemisphere sky is an additional piece of the puzzle around this enigmatic effect – whether it’s due to the magnetic field surrounding us or to the effect of a nearby supernova remnant, we don’t know.”

One idea to explain the asymmetry is that a star may have recently died in a supernova explosion relatively nearby, and its remnant may be pouring out loads of cosmic rays that would dominate the signals we receive.

Whether or not the mystery gets solved, the observations could help scientists understand more about how cosmic rays are formed in the first place. Growing consensus favors the supernova remnant idea, though the details are not hammered out. Scientists think that the shells around dead stars, made of puffed-out layers of gas that were expelled by the star before it exploded, contain strong magnetic fields that may act as cosmic particle accelerators, speeding up particles to close to the speed of light.

“This is exciting because this effect could be the ‘smoking gun’ for our long-sought understanding of the source of high-energy cosmic rays,” Abbasi said.

IceCube’s findings on cosmic rays are detailed in a paper published Aug. 1 in the Astrophysical Journal Letters.

LiveScience.com chronicles the daily advances and innovations made in science and technology. We take on the misconceptions that often pop up around scientific discoveries and deliver short, provocative explanations with a certain wit and style. Check out our science videos, Trivia & Quizzes and Top 10s. Join our community to debate hot-button issues like stem cells, climate change and evolution. You can also sign up for free newsletters, register for RSS feeds and get cool gadgets at the LiveScience Store.

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Wilfire Explodes North Of Los Angelos


Fire helicopter drops

A fire helicopter drops water on the fire at Old West Ranch were residents were evacuated and about 30 to 40 homes have been lost to a wildfire about 10 miles southeast of the Mojave Desert town of Tehachapi, Calif. Wednesday, July 28, 2010. The area is about 70 miles north of Los Angeles.

Firefighters and bulldozer try

Firefighters and a bulldozer try to contain a wildfire on a canyon ridge at Old West Ranch were residents were evacuated about 10 miles southeast of theMojave Desert town of Tehachapi, Calif. Wednesday, July 28, 2010. The area is about 70 miles north of Los Angeles

Mule deer and her fawn make their way

A mule deer and her fawn make their way through a burnt out canyon at the Old West Ranch were residents were evacuated and about 30 to 40 homes have beenlost to a wildfire about 10 miles southeast of the Mojave Desert town of Tehachapi, Calif. Wednesday, July 28, 2010. The area is about 70 miles north of Los Angeles.

Column of smoke at fire

A column of smoke at the fire at Old West Ranch were residents were evacuated due to a wildfire about 10 miles southeast of the Mojave Desert town of Tehachapi,Calif., Wednesday, July 28, 2010. The area is about 70 miles north of Los Angeles.

Fire helicopter drops water were residents

A fire helicopter drops water on the fire at Old West Ranch were residents were evacuated due to a wildfire about 10 miles southeast of the Mojave Deserttown of Tehachapi, Calif. Wednesday, July 28, 2010. The area is about 70 miles north of Los Angeles

A demolished trailer that caught fire

A demolished trailer that caught fire at Old West Ranch where residents were evacuated due to a wildfire about 10 miles southeast of the Mojave Deserttown of Tehachapi, Calif., Wednesday, July 28, 2010. Firefighters on Wednesday braced for strong afternoon winds at the sites of two wildfires north of Los Angeles that have burned about 40 homes, threatened at least 150 more and forced some 2,300 people to evacuate. The two blazes in mostly rural Kern County remained out of control after scorching more than 26 square miles (67 square kilometers) of hilly pine forests and chaparral

 

 

 

 

 

Two wildfires that erupted and spread quickly near the Mojave Desert have destroyed dozens of homes and forced evacuations in remote areas of California as hundreds of firefighters work to contain the flames.

Related Search Results

Two wildfires that erupted and spread quickly near the Mojave Desert have destroyed dozens of homes and forced evacuations in remote areas of California as hundreds of firefighters work to contain the flames.

http://www.scpr.org/news/2010/07/28/mojave-desert-wildfires-burn-30-plus-homes-threate/

Mandatory evacuations have been ordered for a small community in the hills of northern Los Angeles County as a brush fire burns its way north from State Route 14.

http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20100730/ap_on_re_us/us_california_wildfires_41

A demolished trailer that caught fire at Old West Ranch where residents were evacuated due to a wildfire about 10 miles southeast of the Mojave Desert town of Tehachapi, Calif., Wednesday, July 28, 2010. Firefighters on Wednesday braced for strong afternoon winds at the sites of two wildfires north of Los Angeles that have burned about 40 homes, threatened at least 150 more and forced some 2,300 …

http://www.argus-press.com/news/national/image_87196711-f715-5ca8-b256-fb37a778039c.html

Confessions of a Parking Valet


Confessions of a Parking Valet

True Tales of Mishaps and Mischief

By Joanne Helperin, Senior Features Editor

It can be nerve-wracking handing your car keys to a total stranger at a valet station. You don’t know if they’re responsible drivers, what their definition of “gentle” is, or often where your car is headed. If all parking valets were trustworthy, there wouldn’t be a need for the “valet key” that prevents one from opening the trunk and glovebox.

MORE AT EDMUNDS.COM

 When we decided to delve into the secret life of valet parking attendants, we expected some stories about concealed door dings, petty theft or occasional hijinks behind the wheel. But we had no idea the extent to which some valets routinely take liberties with their customers’ property.

 Our “confessor” (let’s call him Mark) has worked both at upscale hotels and small valet parking companies and has seen (and done) his share of mischief. He shares his experience with us, no holds barred. Learning how valets think and how some of them treat your property might make you reconsider self-parking.

 Who’s Parking Your Car?

According to Mark, most parking valets fall into three general categories. The first is student types seeking flexible hours and a job that doesn’t require much training. The second group is often working nights after another job, and are often the most dedicated employees. The third and smallest group are folks often unable to hold down any other work, and they’re the most prone to hitting poles in parking lots, losing keys and disrespecting customers.

There’s a big difference between valet parking companies in terms of the quality of people they hire to park cars,” Mark explains. “One company I worked for tested applicants’ reading and basic math, required a copy of your seven-year driving record and demanded a background and credit check. I guess they figure the ones with really bad credit would be more apt to steal from customers. Another company wanted a high school diploma — that’s it. They didn’t even read my application before offering me a shift.”

 Our confessor pointed out that few driving skills are required, and some companies employ people who don’t have a driver license. “Valet companies might ask if you drive a stick when they hire you, but if you don’t, you can just let other valets handle those cars. Some valets aren’t as friendly to stick-shift cars as they should be, especially high-end cars like Porsches and BMWs. They might drop the clutch or drive at 50 miles per hour in 2nd gear. Nothing that’s going to destroy the car, but it’s unnecessary abuse. Most valets don’t understand the intricacies of driving performance cars either. They don’t realize how low to the ground they are and sometimes run over the concrete parking stops, scraping up the car.”

 It’s All About the Tips

Valet parking is a service job, much like being a server at a restaurant. Pay is based largely on tips and most valets will usually do their best to earn a good one. “Valets always find out about a good tipper and make sure to take good care of that customer. My company pools all the tips, so there’s no competition for the ‘best’ customers. But in smaller operations, if you’re given a tip, you just pocket it.”

 Many assume that the people with the nicest cars will leave the biggest tips, but that’s not always the case. “I drive all sorts of luxury cars for people who tip very little or not at all. The customers who have experience working crappy jobs are the ones who have more empathy and tend to tip better. A lot of people who are ‘forced’ to valet by the hotel assume they don’t have to tip. Maybe they think the hotel is paying the valets better than they are, but we’re making minimum wage plus tips.”

 How much to tip? A survey of so-called “tipping guides” indicates a wide range, anything from $1 to $10 depending on the situation. An informal poll of Edmunds editors elicited a similarly wide array of answers — anywhere from “nothing” to $10 or more at a hotel, but averaged $2-$3, paid when retrieving the vehicle.

 Parking Pitfalls

“There are the usual mistakes like dings or scrapes that are just accidents,” Mark explains. “Park enough cars and it’s bound to happen, especially on really busy days.” The most common valet mishap is misplacing keys, which has various origins. “If a lazy valet doesn’t put a ticket on the customer’s keychain, or the key is incorrectly placed on the valet board, or the ticket gets ripped off or the parking location is written down incorrectly, or you, the customer, lose your valet ticket, then we have no idea which car is yours.”

 A valet’s favorite scenario? “Let’s say you’ve given us a valet key to a car and it doesn’t have a remote door unlock on the fob. But the valet didn’t mark down the right parking stall on the valet ticket. So when you come to pick up your car, we don’t know where it is. We don’t have a remote that can sound the horn either, so we have to run up and down all the rows, trying the key in every car of that brand.”

 The oddest mix-up? “The exact same rental cars got swapped between two customers. No one noticed until one of them tried to return it to Hertz. In that case, it took us two days to sort it out.”

 What Annoys Valets Most

It would seem like common sense to avoid angering someone with the keys to your car. If you really want to annoy a valet (at your own risk), keep asking for your car to be brought around over and over again to get something out of it. “If you tell us everything you want from the car the first time, we’ll bring it all back for you. It saves everyone time that way.”

 Another gripe is forgetting to explain a car’s quirks, such as complex security systems or aftermarket modifications — including vertically opening gullwing doors. “When one of the valets pulled the door open [on a 2005 Mustang convertible], we heard a horrible crunching noise and the door wouldn’t move. What the owner had neglected to tell anyone was that he had a ‘Lambo’ door conversion kit on the car, and that the door didn’t open as normal.”

 A favorite pet peeve of many valets is cars that reflect poor personal hygiene — they may smell, have trash everywhere or look like they’ve never seen the inside of a car wash. “When you’re afraid of contracting a disease by sitting in the seat, it’s generally a bad sign.”

 The worst is forgetting to leave the keys with the valet on a busy day, far easier to do these days with so many “keyless” ignitions. “We can’t move the car, and it clogs the driveway while we have to track you down somewhere.”

 Revenge of the Valet…or Just for Fun

If you’re particularly rude, aggravating or have stiffed on a tip in the past, there are a number of things the valet staff might do in response. Notably, most valets won’t show annoyance or anger the customer. “First and easiest, we’ll take a long time to bring your car up, and we’re not going to take the time to put your seat and mirrors back the way they were. But I have known valets who lower tire pressures, change climate and radio settings, or intentionally ding the door or scrape paint in a place where it’s not easily noticed. There’s nothing better than getting your revenge and getting them to tip you, too.”

 When you’re not around to see it, there’s a lot valets do:

 · Blast the stereo and change the radio stations: “Any time that I have a car with a good stereo in it, I take an extra minute to check out the sound quality. I also change the satellite radio station, but I almost always change it back.”

  • · Speed in a parking structure or on the street while driving to a lot: “We once had a running contest going to see who could get the fastest top speed inside the hotel parking structure. I set the record with a 55-mph run in a Porsche 996 GT2.”
  • · Rev the engines of performance cars: “I can’t help revving up the engines of the cool cars I get to park. My favorite was a Lamborghini Gallardo. I drove it straight to the top floor and called all of my friends in my phonebook. I said, ‘Guess what I’m driving!’ then stuck the phone out the window and revved the engine. Heck, I even called my parents and did that.”
  • · Drift: “After our parking garage is cleaned, we have to re-park all of the cars back in the structure. Of course, having an empty, wet parking structure just begs for a little hoonage. I take every rear-wheel-drive rental car and find out how well they drift going up the structure. Surprisingly, the Chrysler Crossfire does a great job. Gotta love rental cars; they take the most abuse.”
  • · Go through the customer’s property: “Though I personally never rifled through anyone’s belongings, I hear plenty of, ‘You should have seen what I found in this person’s car’ while we’re standing around waiting for cars to pull in.”

 With all these shenanigans happening with your car, is the management aware? “Our manager doesn’t know about most of this stuff,” Mark admits, “but he helps cover up our mistakes sometimes. He always keeps a container of rubbing compound and wax in the office in case there’s a scrape. We’ll clean and buff the affected areas and pray the customers don’t notice. Most of the time, they don’t. I have seen managers rub out many small scrapes and never report the incident.”

 Advice for Customers

Remember, you are giving one of the most expensive things you own to a complete stranger. You would be surprised how far a smile, a good attitude and even a little pleasant small talk will get you. If you’re pleasant and tip, most valets will go way beyond the call of duty. Here’s what to keep in mind, according to Mark:

 · Realize that it’s not all about you: “We’re dealing with many, sometimes hundreds, of customers a day. Time is money for us, too.”

  • · Don’t leave valuables or anything illegal in your car: “Not if you want them to be there when you get back. We’ve found drugs, adult-only items, even guns.” Smaller items are more likely to be taken.
  • · Clean the interior as well as the exterior once in awhile: “And for God’s sake, use a trash bag.”
  • · If your car is damaged or anything is missing, tell the valet manager and get a copy of the incident report and the contact information of their insurance company. Don’t accept it if he asserts that the “release of liability” language on your ticket absolves them — it won’t stand up in court.
  • · Valets at a hotel usually work for a contracted company, so if you have any problems with their service, notify hotel management. They can help resolve disputes in your favor.
  • · Be wary in major cities where valets must park cars on the street. If a valet parks illegally or forgets to feed the meter, the customer can get stuck with the ticket.
  • · Tip a little when you drop off the car, especially at a hotel, and your car will get better treatment: “The valets will be more likely to ‘keep it close’ in the hope that you’re a good tipper and that you’ll reward them for bringing up your car quickly.”
  • · Evening shifts are the roughest for hotel valets: “We work our butts off to park all the cars of the people checking in and barely make any tips. The morning shift makes big tips the next day when people get their cars to go places or check out of the hotel.”
  • · Reward a valet for working hard. “If it’s raining and he appears with an umbrella, or he towels down your seat to keep you dry, he deserves a bigger tip. But don’t worry about not giving a tip if you don’t like the service.”
  • · You get what you give: “Your car will usually get the same treatment that you give us, for better or for worse.”

 There are plenty of honest, hard-working parking valets out there who want nothing more than to serve their customers and earn a living. So when you drop your car off, it’s a good idea to look your valet in the eye and acknowledge that he’s a person, too. If not for that reason, then at least to improve the odds of getting your car back exactly as you left it.

HANDYCRAFT OF INDONESIA


Java Handicraft
Java Handicraft is a manufacturer and exporter company of handicraft collections, offers some Indonesia handicraft products, including; bracelet, bamboo whistles, wooden toys, miniature guitar, music miniature, magic toys, miniature surf, natural leaf photo album, natural photo album, etc.

Batik Sarongs
Sarong Site is specialized in the design and manufacture of handmade batik, printed and hand painted sarongs (full size handpainted, half size handpainted), batik sarongs, sheer sarongs, pareo sarong, full size sheer sarongs, accessories, etc. It is located in Denpasar, Bali – Indonesia.

Royal Bali Celadon
Royal Bali Celadon is a company for ceramic producer and handmade ceramics specialist. It is located at the industrial zone of Mojokerto, East Java, Royal Bali Celadon make their variant focusing on Japan, USA and European Market.

Budiasa Art
Budiasa Art is art gallery & wood carver, which located in Bali island – Indonesia. It presents various handicraft product, including; basket, chairs, rack, cupboards, umbrella, statue, tables, lamp, frame, windows, door and coin gallery.

 

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Visca Kharisma Nusantara caters to the needs wholesale buyers of Indonesian products around the globe.

Founded in the end 2005, Visca Kharisma Nusantara is Indonesian registered company based on the beautiful cultur island of East Java.

Whether from our extensive catalogue containing over 2,000 products or from your custom design(s). We strive to provide the finest quality products at the market’s lowest prices.

We conduct business with professional buyers, interior designers, resorts and hotel companies, retailers of furniture goods, home furnishings, handicrafts, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LADIES BAG B

Material : BANANA LEAF
Flexible, limpsy and  unglossy
Dimensions (L x W x H)
Measurement : 40 x 17 x 30 cm
Product Origin : Indonesia
Price term : FOB Surabaya/Indonesia
Supply ability : 2500 pieces/month
Leadtime: Delivery 50 days

JASRI BALI LAMP DESIGN PRODUCT :

jasri-balilampdesign.com

Our company produces an elegant range of minimalist simplest lamps and home décor with each representing a work of art, combining function, artistic design and beauty.

If you are interesting in having one for own private collection or purchase it as a wholesaler, here is the right site for your visit

Bali Net Market
wholesaler of ceramics, terracotta, pottery, furniture, handicraft, wood carving, natural products from Bali, Indonesia, By Awintara Bali Trading Company. (See pictures below)

The comprehensive Fine Songket Woven from Palembang Indonesia

In Indonesia, Songket is produced in South of Sumatra (Palembang) and some of region such as; Kalimantan, Bali, Sulawesi, Lombok and Sumbawa. Outside of Indonesia, further production areas include the east coast of the Malay Peninsula and Brunei. Historically, production was located in politically significant kingdoms because of the high cost of materials; the gold thread used was originally wound with real gold leaf.

There are many people interested with Adis Songket product, both from Palembang city and the other big city in Indonesia, such as; Lampung, Jakarta, Bandung and Yogyakarta. It is because Adis Songket presents the real qualified Songket from Palembang with various motives and colors. You can find and choose hand-woven Songket in our gallery.

Collect our Songket product and contact us soon!!

This Songket Is Made Of Original Silk Cloth With Brass Thread

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Songket Textile: Kristal Cantik Manis Thread (code : CCM)
Price : IDR. 2.200.000.-Handmade Rosary
Handmade Rosary is a manufacturer and exporter of various Rosary designs and colors, made of natural stones and some beads. The products are including; jade 8mm, jade 6mm, semi precious stone, black stone, gray cat’s eyes, yellow cat’s eyes, manao, etc. It is located in  Taman Pradah Indah 203 Surabaya  60216– East Java – INDONESIA

 
 
 
 
 

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Miniature Furniture Wholesale
Offering many kinds of miniature furniture souvenirs, all are wooden handicraft : bycycle, aircraft, cabinet, car, cart, chair, clock, lamp, locomotive, motorcycle, pedicab, porcelain, ship and miscellaneous.

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Bali Craft
Bali Craft is a wholesale manufacture for handicraft and ornament genuinely from Bali Island, Indonesia. The products includes, craft ornament, ethnic mirror, instrument miniatures, wooden chess sets, coconut shell products, wall ornaments, ethnic totem, etc.

Wooden Trophy
Wooden Trophy producers specialist on wooden trophy for Football, Soccer, Tennis, Golf, Chess, Super Bowl, Basket Ball, Crown and many more. Wooden Trophy is manufacture providing wooden custom awards which is located on Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.

Afghan Girl (The Eyes of Afghan Girl)


 

THE EYES OF AFGHAN GIRL (12 years old) :

Steve McCurry‘s “Afghan Girl

Sharbat Gula (Pashto: شربت ګله, literally “Flower Sherbet“) (Sharbat is pronounced [ˈʃaɾbat]) (born ca. 1972) is an Afghan woman who was the subject of a famous photograph by journalist Steve McCurry. Gula was living in a refugee camp in Peshawar, Pakistan during the time of the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan when she was photographed. The image brought her recognition when it was featured on the cover of the June 1985 issue of National Geographic Magazine, at a time when she was approximately 12 years old. Gula was known throughout the world simply as the Afghan Girl until she was formally identified in early 2002.

 Photo’s subject

Gula, of Pashtun (Pathan) ethnicity, was orphaned during the Soviet Union‘s bombing of Afghanistan and sent to the Nasir Bagh refugee camp in Pakistan in 1984. Her village was attacked by Soviet helicopter gunships sometime in the early 1980s. The Soviet strike killed her parents—forcing her, her siblings and grandmother to hike over the mountains to the Nasir Bagh refugee camp in Pakistan.[1]

She married Rahmat Gul in the late 1980s and returned to Afghanistan in 1992. Gula had three daughters: Robina, Zahida, and Alia. A fourth daughter died in infancy. Gula has expressed the hope that her girls will receive the education she was never able to complete.

1984 photograph

At the Nasir Bagh refugee camp in 1984, Gula’s photograph was taken by National Geographic photographer Steve McCurry on Kodachrome color slide film, with Nikon FM2 camera and Nikkor 105mm F2.5 lens.[2] Gula was one of the students in an informal school within the refugee camp; McCurry, rarely given the opportunity to photograph Afghan women, seized the opportunity and captured her image.

I was kind of walking through the refugee camp one morning and I happened across a tent. Which was being used as an elementary school and there were about 15 to 20 students in a Pakistani structure.

So i went and asked the teacher if I could, umm you know photograph some of the students, if I could stay there for a while and she agreed and I noticed this one student, one young Afghan girl about 12 who had this very kind of haunted look in her eye and I asked the teacher about her and she told me her story, that she had to walk for about 2 weeks through the mountains of Afghanistan because her village had been ahh helicoptered, you know attacked by helicopter gunships and that umm that many of her family members had been killed and so they had this perilous trip through the mountains to get to this refugee camp and she was real traumatized and kind of freaked out as you can imagine. A 12 year old first she is in a village and then suddenly in another country…

So I think this particular portrait kind of summed up for me the trauma and the plight and the whole situation of suddenly you know having to flee your home and ending up in a refugee camp, you know hundreds of miles away. 

Although her name was not known, her picture, titled “Afghan Girl”, appeared on the June 1985 cover of National Geographic. The image of her face, with a red scarf draped loosely over her head and with her piercing sea-green eyes staring directly into the camera, became a symbol both of the 1980s Afghan conflict and of the refugee situation worldwide. The image itself was named “the most recognized photograph” in the history of the magazine.[3]

 Search for the Afghan Girl

The identity of the Afghan Girl remained unknown for over 17 years; Afghanistan remained largely closed to Western media until after the removal of the Taliban government by foreign troops and local allies in 2001. Although McCurry made several attempts during the 1990s to locate her, he was unsuccessful.

In January 2002, a National Geographic team traveled to Afghanistan to locate the subject of the now-famous photograph. McCurry, upon learning that the Nasir Bagh refugee camp was soon to close, inquired of its remaining residents, one of whom knew Gula’s brother and was able to send word to her hometown. However, there were a number of women who came forward and identified themselves erroneously as the famous Afghan Girl. In addition, after being shown the 1985 photo, a handful of young men falsely claimed Gula as their wife.

The team finally located Gula, then around the age of 30, in a remote region of Afghanistan; she had returned to her native country from the refugee camp in 1992. Her identity was confirmed using biometric technology, which matched her iris patterns to those of the photograph with almost full certainty.

She vividly recalled being photographed—she has been photographed on only three occasions: in 1984 and during the search for her a National Geographic producer took the identifying pictures that led to the reunion with Steve McCurry. She had never seen her famous portrait before it was shown to her in January 2003.Modern pictures of her were featured as part of a cover story on her life in the April 2002 issue of National Geographic and was the subject of a television documentary, entitled Search for the Afghan Girl, which aired in March 2002. In recognition of her,[4] National Geographic set up the Afghan Girls Fund, a charitable organization with the goal of educating Afghan girls and young women.[5] In 2008, the scope of the fund was broadened to include boys and the name was changed to Afghan Children’s

 References

  1. ^ Lucas, Dean. “Afghan Eyes Girl”. http://www.famouspictures.org/mag/index.php?title=Afghan_Eyes_Girl. Retrieved 2007-04-30. 
  2. ^ “Nikon World: Summer 1998, Volume 4, Issue 1”. Nikon World. 
  3. ^ “National Geographic: Afghan Girl, A Life Revealed”. washingtonpost.com. The Washington Post Company. 2001-04-10. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/liveonline/02/world/world_mccurry041002.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-31. 
  4. ^ Braun, David (7 March 2003). “How They Found National Geographic’s ‘Afghan Girl'”. National Geographic Society. http://news.nationalgeographic.co.uk/news/2002/03/0311_020312_sharbat_2.html. Retrieved 31 March 2009. 
  5. ^ “National Geographic Society: Afghan Girls Fund”. National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on 2004-12-06. http://web.archive.org/web/20041206042103/http://www.nationalgeographic.com/donate/afghan_girls_fund.html. Retrieved 2009-03-15. 
  6. ^ “National Geographic Society: Afghan Children’s Fund”. National Geographic Society. http://www.nationalgeographic.com/donate/afghan-childrens-fund.html. Retrieved 2009-03-15. 

 External links

Retrieved from “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afghan_Girl

Ship lost for more than 150 years is recovered


Ship lost for more than 150 years is recovered

 TORONTO – Canadian archeologists have found a ship abandoned more than 150 years ago in the quest for the fabled Northwest Passage and which was lost in the search for the doomed expedition of Sir John Franklin, the head of the team said Wednesday.

Marc-Andre Bernier, Parks Canada’s head of underwater archaeology, said the HMS Investigator, abandoned in the ice in 1853, was found in shallow water in Mercy Bay along the northern coast of Banks Island in Canada’s western Arctic.

“The ship is standing upright in very good condition. It’s standing in about 11 meters (36 feet) of water,” he said. “This is definitely of the utmost importance. This is the ship that sailed the last leg of the Northwest Passage.”

The Investigator was one of many American and British ships sent out to search for the HMS Erebus and the Terror, vessels commanded by Franklin in his ill-fated search for the Northwest Passage in 1845.

Environment Minister Jim Prentice said the British government has been notified that one of their naval shipwrecks has been discovered, as well as the bodies of three sailors.

Captained by Robert McClure, the Investigator sailed in 1850. That year, McClure sailed the Investigator into the strait that now bears his name and realized that he was in the final leg of the Northwest Passage, the sea route across North America.

But before he could sail into the Beaufort Sea, the ship was blocked by pack ice and forced to winter-over in Prince of Wales Strait along the east coast of Banks Island.

The following summer, McClure tried again to sail to the end of the Passage, but was again blocked by ice. He steered the ship and crew into a large bay on the island’s north coast he called the Bay of Mercy.

There they were to remain until 1853, when they were rescued by the crew of the HMS Resolute. The Investigator was abandoned.

“This is actually a human history,” said Bernier. “Not only a history of the Passage, but the history of a crew of 60 men who had to overwinter three times in the Arctic not knowing if they were going to survive.”

The Parks Canada team arrived at Mercy Bay on July 22. Three days later, the ice on the bay cleared enough that researchers were able to deploy side-scanning sonar from a small inflatable boat over the site where they believed the wooden ship had eventually sunk. Within 15 minutes, the Investigator was found.

“The ship had not moved too much from where it was abandoned,” said Bernier.

The masts and rigging have long been sheared off by ice and weather. But the icy waters of the McClure Strait has preserved the vessel in remarkably good condition.

“It’s incredible,” said Prentice from Mercy Bay. “You’re actually able to peer down into the water and see not only the outline of the ship but actually the individual timbers.

Archaeologists have also uncovered artifacts on land left behind by the stranded sailors, who unloaded everything before abandoning the Investigator.

The graves of three sailors thought to have died of scurvy have been marked off and will be left undisturbed, said Bernier.

Bernier said the next step will be to send down a remote controlled video camera to get actual pictures of the wreck. There are no plans to bring it to the surface and all legal steps will be taken to ensure the site remains protected.

Bernier also said the team will use similar technology to find the Erebus and Terror.

Ambitious Teen Sailors Stir Safety Debate


Laura Dekker

Laura Dekker poses for the media on her boat Guppy in Den Osse, south-west Netherlands, Tuesday, July 27, 2010. A Dutch court has cleared the way for 14-year-old Laura Dekker to set sail on a risky solo voyage around the world. Judges at Middelburg’s family court have lifted a guardianship order imposed on Dekker last year after she said she wanted to set sail alone around the world.

 14-year-old Laura Dekker has Dutch court’s — and her mom’s — permission to sail around the world

Laura Dekker has convinced a Dutch court that she’s done her sailing homework and is ready to attempt to beat Jessica Watson’s record around-the-world solo sail.

http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Global-News/2010/0727/14-year-old-Laura-Dekker-has-Dutch-court-s-and-her-mom-s-permission-to-sail-around-the-world

Laura Dekker, the Dutch girl who won a 10-month legal battle Tuesday in her bid to become the youngest person to sail solo around the world, was born on a similar sea voyage 14 years ago.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/netherlands/7913481/Dutch-girl-Laura-Dekker-wins-fight-to-sail-round-world-profile.html

http://www.ctpost.com/news/articleGallery/Dutch-sailor-14-gets-OK-for-solo-world-trip-591797.php

Peter de Lange, lawyer of Laura Dekker, answers questions of the media at the courtroom in Middelburg, south-west Netherlands, Tuesday, July 27, 2010.A Dutch court has cleared the way for 14-year-old Laura Dekker to set sail on a risky solo voyage around the world. Judges at Middelburg’s family court have lifted a guardianship order imposed on Dekker last year after she said she wanted to set sail alone around the world. Dekker was not in court for Tuesday’s decision.

  Dick Dekker, father of Dutch teenage sailor Laura Dekker whose round-the-world voyage was blocked by the courts, smiles while giving his statement to the media at the courtroom in Utrecht, the Netherlands December 23, 2009.

*** Salute and two thumbs for you Laura***

   ***     from Manna Ismaya Adventure Team ***