Culinary of East Java


List Of Culinary Of East Java

Foods & Fruits East Java

Becek Rice (Pict. Above)

Nasi Becek or Becek rice is Nganjuk traditional food, originally named sego becek. This culinary is look like lamb curry cuisine, which consists of lamb satai (without its stick), babat, and fried onion as topping. the taste is similar with other traditional food called Soto, but particularly taste along alike the central java’s food, which is sweet not salty.

Lontong Balap: (Pic. Above)

Special and Original’s Food From Surabaya City.

Typical original Surabaya’s food which is cooked from the rice cake, sprouts, fried tofu, Lento (made of soybean), soy sauce, fried onion and chili sauce.

// Lento is made from rice peanuts/Tholo with flour, afterwards it is added with galingale, the spring onion, rough-skinned citrus fruit and adequate salt. It is formed round resembled the croquette.

Lontong Balap is full of sprouts. Lontong Balap is not served well without Kerang Satay.

Shellfish satay, is made from the shellfish that is boiled and then it is served like satay, but without being roasted. Lontong Balap will be more delicious to eat if being added with hot soy sauce and chili sauce

Bojonegoro is one of East Java regency that famous with its own products. Many people want to visit Bojonegoro because it has special food called “Ledre” and its special fruit called “Salak Wedi”.

Ledre
Ledre is kind of snack, typical of Bojonegoro. It formed gapit ( like rolled chips emping) with sweet plantain aroma. The nice one is banana taste. It is special snack from Bojonegoro that made of sugar, flour, and banana. The snack has rolled, so that it looks like a stick. Ledre with banana taste has become the favorite snack of the most visitors. It’s feel not complete if visit Bojonegoro without buy some Ledre

Salak Wedi taste is beloved, delicious and fresh. Those trees can be met in every lawn of resident house in Wedi village and its surroundings. The difference of Salak Wedi compared with other Salak, such as; Salak Pondoh, is its water content that make Salak Wedi fresher. This Salacca Zalacca fruit called Salak Wedi, because the skin looks like sand and the fruit is smaller then the other Salak. Salak Wedi comes from Javanese language, means Salacca Zalacca fruit looks like sand (Wedi = Sand, Javanese language)

Legen is such a traditional beverage coming from Tuban, East Java. Legen is taken by the Siwalan tree which almost spread all over Tuban.

Originally, Legen is the first water of Siwalan with taste of sweet and fresh, without being fermented. After getting fermented legen is change to be Tuak. Tuak is now become a traditional alcohol beverage with strong and heavy taste, and of course, tipsify.

Karangsari Village, Sukorejo, Blitar is famous by its Star fruit or Belimbing. Karangsari star fruit has particular characteristic, whether the shape or the taste. Karangsari star fruit has jumbo size while the taste is sweeter that any other star fruit, covered with yellow smooth refreshing skin, belimbing Karangsari has its own tasty. Star fruit Karangsari grows among the society, that is why the growth of this plantation is increase and become the living life for the local inhabitant.

The early begin said that, there was a visitor who came by to Blitar and bring the seed of this fruit, the star fruit seed itself is a bangkok type, one of famous type of star fruit from Philipine. Then, the local inhabitant tried to cultivate this plant until present time. From those times remain, Blitar city has become a city with star fruit as their commodity.

The consumer demand for this star fruit is improve and increase, the most producer for star fruit is come from Karangsari, Blitar and being distribute to other area like Surabaya, Semarang and Jakarta.

Probolinggo is famous as Mango and Grape city, which is produce many fruits. Most people recognized Probolinggo Mango. Its taste is sweet and fresh. At May – October, Probolinggo Mango spread all over markets to many cities until Jakarta. For outside of Probolinggo regency, the price will be over-price, but in Probolinggo area, the price is quiet cheap, so that the visitors buy it for some gift.

If you interesting with Probolinggo fruits, you can choose between Mango and Grape. Because those are the famous fruits of Probolinggo.
Visit Grape Garden And Mango Garden In Probolinggo Agro Tourism.

Tourism Village Of Poncokusumo

A special kind of tourism village (about 686.2509 ha) lies on the western slope of mt. Semeru (the highest, mountain in Java) or at the southern border of Bromo – Tengger – Semeru National Park.The height of the village is about 926 meter from sea level, temperature 22 – 26 degree Celsius, located about 30 km from Malang to the East.This village has many beautiful and impressive panorama, which noted as one of the most fascinating villages in the eastern part of Malang Regency. Visitors who come to visit Poncokusumo, surely can enjoy impressive panorama apple plantation, around the garden from quarter to quarter, reflecting the village quarters agro tourism. Without any doubt, it’s just nice place to stay gaining the new spirit and healthy.

Visit the tourism village of Poncokusumo in Malang tourism and enjoy its nature nuance with its fresh air. Bring your family here to introduce the nature to them. (more detail please visitwww.eastjava.com)

Malang


List Of Culinary Tour Of Malang

Culinary Tour – Malang.

If you are a native city Malang you ‘ve certainly had no doubt or wonder again with typical food Malang and sure I know of each flavor of each food is outstanding in this Malang city, but for those outside the city would have been unfortunate flashing before and want to feel how the taste typical foods of Malang these. And here I give a little description tour Gastronomy Malang :

BAKSO MALANG :

Warung Bu Haji AREMA Java Menu AREMA terms, the intersection Kidul Dalem, never entered his culinary tour Pak Bondan Winarno …. Many who give the rating of 10/10 from culinary tabloid2

Wasps Ice: Ice mixed with entrancing original sugar lebah2/Bees who do not know their origins. So we drank iced accompanied tawon2/Bees. Unique … at the intersection Kidul Dalem, Big Market.

Jowo Mie Goreng and Sego, Sego Resek Main Menu: fried rice and white / disorganized, noodles, fried / boiled. Location: corner of the intersection Kasin Vespa repair shop next door, the corner intersection of Merapi – Buring (RRI Lama), Gang and buildings near the intersection Pattimura WISH / BTC, front Alley Market Wetan Bell Soto.

And the Light of the Moon Murtabak Local Main menu: martabak eggs, bright moon, out paste, menjes. Location: Market Senggol, Kelud, Martabak front Dinoyo Holy Soto, Bang Sohel cuts, Cairo junction Kauman, Great pertokoaan front Partners

In every corner of the fried snack aisle and in pasar2 encountered fried seller. Main menu: cassava, yams, menjes tempeh, tofu brontak, weci, tape, bakwan, kokam, gandoz, sticky bastard, black sticky tape etc.. Location: Road Gajayana Didiet alley next to the salon, Kaliurang, railway crossroad Ciliwung

Called Market snack, snacks market because almost every market there is this street sellers. Very typical of a full Java legit, grated coconut, fragrant pandan en sweet liquid sugar Java Main Menu: putu, lopis, cenil, klepon, gatot, shredded, horok2, glutinous Location: Home Dunkin Donut Gang Celaket, morning and night markets

Orem-Orem Main Menu: Vegetable soybean orem2 (vegetable turmeric), crackers, rice cake or rice. Location: front Kebalen market, railways Boldi, front Carpentry Jaya Cinema, driven sales in the region’s nothing Dinoyo, Gajayana and Veterans.

orem-orem orem-orem arema

Sego Duck Rice Mix Dubbed boxes and boxes because the menus are very urakan and cheap price. Main Menu: Vegetable ve, translucent, soup, bean sprouts, tempeh or tofu dishes plus crackers plus tea or plain water can  added bonus cigarette. Medium rice (food) is a duck and fried rice dishes pecel weci Location: corner of Dam Sutami fork in the road down to the Teachers’ Training College through Ambarawa, small alley around Surabaya and Jombang IKIP street, alley Kerto2an in the region and Unibraw IAIN, Kelud front, front Markets Together, fork in the road of Jakarta – Ijen (special duck rice open night)

Food docks with outstanding Chinese-style menu was almost the same among the hundreds of traders around while beating the gong distinctive (dock dock). Main menu: Chinese food style fried rice, fried noodles, boiled ato, pu yung hai, jay seal, Tami fries, butter chicken, rice is chaotic, etc. mihun. Location: usually clustered in front of the Bank Bali road Semeru, UNMER gate, fork in the road of Jakarta – Ijen or in every corner of the housing and kost2an

Doc Soto Lamongan meatsold under style ketchup bottle slammed hard ‘DOCK’ sounds so called cheap + surprise! Main menu: soup meat, beef offal, potatoes and sweet tea cakes legit. Location: First is the typical area Cinemas President Jl. Kegusur Sarangan now moved front corner of the building and in the kiosk market pulosari Tawangmangu

Typical baboon Soto ,soto fat hen Location: Old Market Bentoel scrap metal

Soto Ayam Lamongan Oro2 Dowo and in Tlogomas, Khas Jalan Lombok and branches near the STIA special Tlogomas use koyah (soybean powder)

Soto Kambing (Ngelo) Typical meat and offal of goat soup with rice use koyah and much lard (fat). Location: Around Campus III Unmuh Tlogomas (Terminal Landungsari)

Sampo Soto Soto Khas Lombok is similar but more pronounced spice (spicy). Location: Sampo Field crossroad (near the Navy SMAN 5) with a simple yantg stalls (watch out like queuing up before the hour and 11 PM)

Typical Malang meatballs, tofu, fried food and a big meatballs, meatball rough, fried, tofu, noodles, beef offal, etc. mihun. Location: flood plain, Glintung, Gang Kemirahan front, rear Partners II, T-junction Halmahera market, etc. Gajayana. plus rombong2 encouraged in residential

Sego Pecel In various versions of Blitar, Madiun, Ponorogo or lokalan. Can be found at Jalan Gede (Dempo), Rajekwesi Road, Jalan Kawi with branches in Lt. Gen. S. Parman near future Wijaya Kusuma and Dinoyo market, front Sutami Dam Road Gas Station / Unmuh Campus II, Mergan Market – fit for breakfast!

ANGSLE

A typical round of drinks with peanut, ginger and some kind of spicy and served hot klepon Angsle containing white bread filled with coconut milk and seasoning sauce. Location: almost in every village there is a seller at night

Tofu and Eggs Tofu Petis small cut (mixed egg omelette), fried and served with sticky paste, seasoning beans, rice /Lontong, bean sprouts, or rice and crackers (Kerupuk). Location: around SMAN 5 night, front Kasin Sego Resek intersection and the alley next to the Rays UB (foreground Ship Engineering Unibraw)

Tofu Mixed Despite knows but that element called him a little, mixing a lot of: cassava, vegetables slada, bean sprouts, tofu, suun, spice paste and beef broth plus

Wonton Noodle Location: Rear SMA Dempo, Pujasera pulosari, ride the Cape – Mergan, Isor Uwit Oro2 Market Dowo front, front Gloria Plaza Mie Malang, Mie Gajah Mada Chinatown next to Rahman Sports

ITB, STMJ Khas versatile hot beverage milk, eggs, honey, ginger adds some medicinal herb ginseng and chicken eggs plus half cooked. Location: In the night scattered in every corner of the city, Jalan Kawi, Bareng near Watermelon Road, Jalan Surabaya, Pujasera pulosari usually equipped with Fuel and Corn Bread

Rujak Petis (Cingur) Location: almost every village there, Amprong Road, Road Lawu (moved Sawojajar) Tenes Rujak Sweet and Ice Stadium Stadium and Primagama Degan Semeru Road, City Station, Public Corner Pajajaran front BTC

Sego Trancam Rice with vegetable toppings ve know, urap2, typically referred seglo lamtoro slametan or sego grave (the dead). Location: in pasar2, Kasin the Sego Resek

Warung Lele Pecel Citra Kawi and Soekarno Hatta Airport, Kampung Klaseman (morning), Home Banking Unmer (night) and some other places. Fried carp and Fuel in Pujasera2 and Resto as in the garden Great Experience

Chicken Satay ARODAM (Sate Madura) almost in every corner of the city available

Tempe Penyet Kasin Tombs, warung2 orders for chips and other Tempe Tempe

Ayam Bakar Pak No. Kasin Sawahan Gas Station and a number of other places

Fried Chicken and Fried Chicken Home Banking Unmer, Jalan Gading Pesantren Galunggung front and in Pujasera2

Wicked Rawon Kawi Top incoming Together, Nguling, Public crossroad Muharto

Sate Gule Sohel Bang cuts and samples far in various parts of the city

Sea Food in each Pujasera, jomplangan Ciliwung

Pujasera Dempo, Bondowoso, pulosari, Soekarno Hatta, Kawi, the Solo (orders / Purwantoro road logam2)

Various stalls in the stadium Sunday Menu pake Moko (Car Shop)

Warung Top: Marhaen, Nyik Sun, Public Lama H. Ridwan, Panglima Sudirman, lesehan Stadium, Citra, Hok Lay, Toko Oen, Chicken Tenes, Youth Chicken, Chicken Prambanan, Ringin Asri

If you have a chance to vacation in Malang, there are several restaurants and dining places that I think you should try it,

01. Inggil Restaurant on Jl. Gadjahmada, East Java ethnic distinctively decorated like a gallery complete with colonial-era collection of ancient objects that make you drool visitors. Cuisine of my choice: Pencit Sambal Goreng Gurame matching or Fuel. Best moment if you are eating dinner because the atmosphere is very supportive if you want to experience the feel of colonial times along with live music doeloe tempo songs. Added a touch of regional clothing from our waitress was friendly.

02. Toko Oen Restaurants, a restaurant located near the Square of Malang was established in 1930. Decoration and display devices, such as when it was still identical. My choice of cuisine: Steak Beef Tongue and instant coffee. Oh yes the best place is from the main entrance you walk into the right direction, choose a table near the window. You will feel the cool breeze breezy Malang. The best moment for me was to have lunch and spend time, waiters are guaranteed  gonna be wondering what else would the message; because understand this restaurant is often used as a meeting point of the tourists who visit to Malang. So many foreign tourists who can sit for hours, including my own. Because Gramedia Bookstore flanked by the restaurant, you can buy books at Scholastic and instant coffee to read it here accompanied you; while waiting for the wife and kids you’re shopping at the mall seputaran Square.

03. Padi Resto & Galerry on Jl. Pahlawan Trip, resto that serves the gallery in a house 30 years? An art deco style. My choice of cuisine: Steak Blackpepper serving Medium. Suitable for dinner. The best place when you need privacy choose a place on the top floor.

04. Indie Resto Park, in New Indie – Araya, a place that is perfect for dinner and is located on the riverbank. The best place for me under special menu and Burn Catfish or Fried Cow Tail Soup. Place a fascinating and very distinctive. Plus romantic.

05. Meatball Cak Man, in front of the RS Lavallete shops. Well if that is a bit different because you will be invited for a culinary adventure of Malang meatballs meatballs meatballs until regular fuel. What is interesting is the concept of self-service. Suitable for the day. Only the gravity if you come late, do not be discouraged if some of the menu has been preceded by other visitors.

06. Pecel Glintung, in numbers Jl. S. Parman; pecel delicious rice in Malang at least in my opinion although there are still others like Mbok Jo, Pecel Kawi and beyond. Glintung Pecel located on the edge of the road but is located slightly down from the road. Herbs and companion such as satay menu komoh, salted eggs and corn cakes make you enjoy it more exciting. We hope you agree with me after a try.

07. 51 Depot, for me personally was cwie noodles (noodle dumplings) in Malang delicious, even as there are still Noodle Gang Crickets, Hot Cwie Mie and others. This Depot is small in numbers nyelempit Jl. S. Parman near a red light and look for her because not rada Shuah pairs nameplate. It is because of rather narrow place to make people have to get a turn table. Oh yes please do not come on Tuesday, because they are not open holidays.

08. Monument Hospitality, Hotel Tugu Malang; this restaurant was first class. Suitable for breakfast, lunch or dinner. The menu varies from Indonesia to Europe. You can enjoy a collection of antiquities. Places that you should try. My favorite menu here and Soto Leg Goat Rice. Oh yeah, Ice Lemon Tea was perfect!

09. Fried Chicken Bang Saleh, the number Karangploso. The only restaurant that serves free white rice. Sambal Eggplant Fried Chicken and its awful. Because of its location to the Stone from the direction Karanglo; maybe you should stop by for lunch at this place than to see you jam (if you’re out of luck) on the way to the Rock. Nice place.

10. Dim Sum, Hotel Gadjahmada. In Malang, there are several restaurants serving dim sum such as the KDS at Araya and S. Crickets Restaurant Gang Parman; but somehow dim sum at this Hotel Gadjahmada taste better with a relatively affordable price. You and your family should come early morning at around 7:30. Instead of worrying anything kagak goto the Sikh desk if the hotel were many guests, because the area used for breakfast is also a hotel guest.

11. Manado restaurant on Jl. Cipto Mangunkusumo. This one is my favorite wife of Manado. This restaurant is very friendly to us with a unique decor Manado with long tables and wide and lined chairs. The best places in if you want to dine tonight. But if you just drink coffee and enjoy a unique tidbit of Manado, please choose a table on the left side when you enter or on the front. The advantage of this restaurant the waiters of his hospitality. Kayak in Sonder, Minahasa – said my wife could hear the language of gods because that had not been heard

12. Rice Buk, in numbers K.A. Station Malang. This rice is a typical evidence for the most delicious in Malang, Madura. It’s a small place and have the crush but it all vanished when we enjoy so kelezatannya. Do not hesitate if you can not Malangan Java language; still speak the Indonesian language; you’ll be served well. Very suitable for breakfast with your family.

13. Rice Rawon Nguling, Chinatown. That this should not be ignored. If you have not eaten rice to Malang it was not real deh rawon you to Malang. In this place you will be presented really super fast. Suitable for breakfast. Besides rice rawon other menus are still there. The best place for you and your family is at the back, more cool and quiet and spacious.

14. Soto Lombok, near RS RKZ. This is also typical of Malang. You just have to be prepared if you do not like to eat foods that are mixed. Because rice and soup will be served in one bowl. Choose the complete menu and drink soup sweet iced tea. Suitable for breakfast.

Obviously there are still many places for a culinary tour in Malang for example at the Food Court, Matos (Malang Town Square), Araya and Partners II and its surroundings along the road to the Stone for example. Nevertheless 14 places above is purely a family who became my subscription for this; this place that I can recommend to you and Family. Well congratulations on a culinary tour of Malang.

Oh yes do not forget if you order tea in East Java, which is presented is certainly sweet tea. So you have to say ask for fresh tea. Also if ordering menu Nasi Rawon example, if you’re not used to be mixed, please tell separable which means rice with vegetables will be presented separately rawon.

Wayang


Legend Of Wayang Kulit

(the Shadow Puppet)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Wayang Kulit (shadow puppet) in Wayang Purwa type, depicting fivePandava, from left to right: BhimaArjunaYudhishtiraNakula, andSahadevaIndonesia Museum, Jakarta. (Picture Above)

Wayang is an Indonesian word for theatre (literally “shadow“).When the term is used to refer to kinds of puppet theater, sometimes the puppet itself is referred to as wayang. Performances of shadow puppet theater are accompanied by gamelan in Java, and by “gender wayang” in Bali.

UNESCO designated Wayang Kulit, a shadow puppet theater and the best known of the Indonesian wayang, as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity on 7 November 2003. In return of the acknowledgment, UNESCO demanded Indonesia to preserve their heritage.
Wayang shadow-puppet (Bali, early 20th century)

 History of Wayang Kulit

Wayang is a generic term denoting traditional theatre inIndonesia. There is no evidence that wayang existed before Hinduismcame toSoutheast Asiasometime in the first century CE brought in by Indian traders. However, there very well may have been indigenous storytelling traditions that had a profound impact on the development of the traditional puppet theatre. The first record of a wayang performance is from an inscription dated 930 CE which says “si Galigi mawayang,” or “Sir Galigi played wayang”. From that time till today it seems certain features of traditional puppet theatre have remained. Galigi was an itinerant performer who was requested to perform for a special royal occasion. At that event he performed a story about the hero Bhima from the Mahabharata


Wayang Kulit is a unique form of theatre employing light and shadow. The puppets are crafted from buffalo hide and mounted on bamboo sticks. When held up behind a piece of white cloth, with an electric bulb or an oil lamp as the light source, shadows are cast on the screen.

Wayang Kulit plays are invariably based on romantic tales, especially adaptations of the classic Indian epics, “The Mahabarata” and “The Ramayana”. Some of the plays are also based on local happenings (current issues) or other local secular stories. It is up to the conductor or “Tok Dalang” to decide his direction.

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A Dalang performing Wayang Kulit in Java, circa 1890.

The Dalang is the genius behind the entire performance. It is he who sits behind the screen and narrates the story. With a traditional orchestra in the background to provide a resonant melody and its conventional rhythm, the Dalang modulates his voice to create suspense thus heightening the drama. Invariably, the play climaxes with the triumph of good over evil.

Hinduism arrived in Indonesia from India even before the Christian era, and was slowly adopted as the local belief system. Sanskrit became the literary and court language of Java and later of Bali. The Hindus changed the Wayang (as did the Muslims, later) to spread their religion, mostly by stories from the Mahabharata or the Ramayana. Later this mixture of religion and wayang play was praised as harmony between Hinduism and traditional Indonesian culture. On Java, the western part of Sumatra and some smaller islands traditionalists continued to play the old stories for some time, but the influence of Hinduism prevailed and the traditional stories either fell into oblivion or were integrated into the Hinduistic plays.

The figures of the wayang are also present in the paintings of that time, for example, the roof murals of the courtroom in Klungkung, Bali. They are still present in traditional Balinese painting today.

When Islam began spreading in Indonesia, the display of God or godsin human form was prohibited, and thus this style of painting and shadow play was suppressed. King Raden Patah of Demak, Java, wanted to see the wayang in its traditional form, but failed to obtain permission from the Muslim religious leaders. As an alternative, the religious leaders converted the wayang golek into wayang purwa made from leather, and displayed only the shadow instead of the figures itself.Instead of the forbidden figures only their shadow picture was displayed, the birth of the wayang kulit.

The figures are painted, flat woodcarvings (a maximum of 5 to 15 mm thick — barely half an inch) with movable arms. The head is solidly attached to the body.Wayang klitikcan be used to perform puppet plays either during the day or at night. This type ofwayang is relatively rare.

Wayang today is both the most ancient and most popular form of puppet theatre in the world. Hundreds of people will stay up all night long to watch the superstar performers, dalang, who command extravagant fees and are international celebrities. Some of the most famous dalang in recent history are Ki Nartosabdho, Ki Anom Suroto, Ki Asep Sunarya, Ki Sugino, and Ki Manteb Sudarsono.

Wayang kulit

Wayang kulit as seen from the shadow side

Wayang kulitshadow puppets prevalent in Java and Bali in Indonesia, are without a doubt the best known of the Indonesianwayang. Kulit means skin, and refers to the leather construction of the puppets that are carefully chiseled with very fine tools and supported with carefully shaped buffalo horn handles and control rods.

The stories are usually drawn from the Ramayana, the Mahabharata or the Serat Menak.

There is a family of characters in Javanese wayang calledPunakawan; they are sometimes referred to as “clown-servants” because they normally are associated with the story’s hero, and provide humorous and philosophical interludes.Semar is the father of Gareng(oldest son),Petruk, andBagong(youngest son). These characters did not originate in the Hindu epics, but were added later, possibly to introduce mystical aspects of Islam into the Hindu-Javanese stories. They provide something akin to a political cabaret, dealing with gossip and contemporary affairs.(Picture Below)

The puppets figures themselves vary from place to place. In Central Java the city of Surakarta (Solo) is most famous and is the most commonly imitated style of puppets. Regional styles of shadow puppets can also be found in West JavaBanyumasCirebon,Semarang, and East Java. Bali produces more compact and naturalistic figures, and Lombok has figures representing real people. Often modern-world objects as bicycles, automobiles, airplanes and ships will be added for comic effect, but for the most part the traditional puppet designs have changed little in the last 300 years.

Historically, the performance consisted of shadows cast on a cotton screen and an oil lamp. Today, the source of light used in wayang performance in Java is most often a halogen electric light. Some modern forms of wayang such as Wayang Sandosa created in the Art Academy at Surakarta (STSI) has employed spotlights, colored lights and other innovations.

The handwork involved in making awayang kulitfigure that is suitable for a performance takes several weeks, with the artists working together in groups. They start from master models (typically on paper) which are traced out onto kulit (skin or parchment), providing the figures with an outline and with indications of any holes that will need to be cut (such as for the mouth or eyes). The figures are then smoothed, usually with a glass bottle, and primed. The structure is inspected and eventually the details are worked through. A further smoothing follows before individual painting, which is undertaken by yet another craftsman. Finally, the movable parts (upper arms, lower arms with hands and the associated sticks for manipulation) mounted on the body, which has a central staff by which it is held. A crew makes up to ten figures at a time, typically completing that number over the course of a week.

The painting of less expensive puppets is handled expediently with a spray technique, using templates, and with a different person handling each color. Less expensive puppets, often sold to children during performances, are sometimes made on cardboard instead of leather.

 Wayang topeng or wayang gedog or wayang wong

An act in the wayang wong performance.

Wayang wong also known as Wayang orang (literally human wayang) is a type of theatrical performance with themes from the kingdom ofJenggala, in which the players wear masks known as wayang topeng orwayang gedog. The word “gedog” comes from “kedok”, which, like“topeng” means “mask”. The main theme is the story of Raden Panjiand Candra. This is a love story about princess Candra Kirana of Kediriand Raden Panji Asmarabangun, the crown prince of Jenggala. Candra Kirana was the incarnation of Dewi Ratih (goddess of love) and Panji was an incarnation of Kamajaya (god of love). Kirana’s story was given the title Smaradahana (“The fire of love”). At the end of the complicated story they finally can marry and bring forth a son, namedRaja Putra. Panji Asmarabangun ruled Jenggala under the official names “Sri Kameswara“, “Prabu Suryowiseso“, and “Hino Kertapati“. Originally, wayang wong was performed only as an aristocratic entertainment in four palaces of Yogyakarta and Surakarta. In the course of time, it spread to become a popular and folk form as well.

Wayang wong has fixed patterns of movement and costume:

For male performers:

  • Alus: very slow, elegant and smooth movement. For example, the dance of ArjunaPuntadewa and all other slimly builtKshatriyas. There are two types of movement, lanyap and luruh.
  • Gagah:
    • Kambeng: a more athletic dance, used for the roles ofBimaAntareja, and Ghatotkacha.
    • Bapanggagah and kasar for the warriors of Kaurawa.
    • Kalang kinantang: falls somewhere between alus andgagah, danced by tall, slim dancers in the roles of Kresnoor Suteja.
  • Kasar: a coarse style, used in portraying ogres and demons.
  • Geculponokawan and cantrik
    • Kambeng dengklik: for ape warriors, such as Hanuman.
    • Kalang kinantang dengklik: for ape warriors, such asSugriwa and Subali.

For female performers: Kshatriya noblemen. Costumes and props distinguish kings, Kshatriyas, monks, princesses, The movements known as nggruda or ngenceng encot in the classical high style of dance consist of nine basic movements (joged pokok) and twelve other movements (joged gubahan and joged wirogo) and are used in portraying Bedoyo and Srimpi.

Today, the wayang wong, following the Gagrak style of Surakarta, is danced by women. They follow the alus movements associated with a Kshatriya, resembling Arjuna. Following the Gagkra style from Yogyakarta a male dancer uses these same Alus movements to depict princes and generals. There are about 45 distinct character types.

 Wayang golek (rod puppets)

A pair of wayang golek from West Java

Wayang golek are wooden doll puppets that are operated from below by rods connected to the hands and a central control rod that runs through the body to the head. The simple construction of the puppets belies their versatility, expressiveness and aptitude for imitating human dance. Little is known for certain about the history of wayang golek, but scholars have speculated that it most likely originated in China and arrived in Java sometime in the 17th century. Some of the oldest traditions of wayang golek are from the north coast of Java in what is called the pasisir region. This is home to some of the oldest Muslim kingdoms in Java and it is likely the wayang golek grew in popularity through telling the wayang menak stories of Amir Hamza, the uncle of Muhammad. These stories are still widely performed in Kabumen, Tegal, and Jepara as wayang golek menak, and in Cirebonwayang golek cepak. Legendary origins of wayang golek attribute their invention to the Muslim saint Wali Sunan Kudus, who used the medium to proselytize Muslim values. In the 18th century the tradition moved into the mountains of West Java where it eventually was used to tell stories of the Ramayana and the Mahabarata in a tradition now called wayang golek purwa, which can be found in Bandung, Bogor and Jakarta.Wayang golek purwa has become the most popular form of wayang golek today and the most famous puppeteer family is the Sunarya family which has produced several generations of stellar performers.

 Wayang karucil or wayang klitik

Wayang klitik image of Batara Guru

Wayang klitik figures occupy a middle ground between the figures ofwayang golek and wayang kulit. They are constructed similarly towayang kulit figures, but from thin pieces of wood instead of leather, and, like wayang kulit figures, are used as shadow puppets. A further similarity is that they are the same smaller size as wayang kulit figures. However, wood is more subject to breakage than leather. During battle scenes, wayang klitik figures often sustain considerable damage, much to the amusement of the public, but in a country in which before 1970 there were no adequate glues available, breakage generally meant an expensive, newly made figure. On this basis the wayang klitikfigures, which are to appear in plays where they have to endure battle scenes, have leather arms. The name of these figures is onomotopaeic, from the sound klitik-klitik, that these figures make when worked by the dalang.

Wayang klitik figures come originally from eastern Java, where one still finds workshops turning them out. They are less costly to produce thanwayang kulit figures.

The origin of the stories involved in these puppet plays comes from the kingdoms of eastern Java: JenggalaKediri and Majapahit. From Jenggala and Kediri come the stories of Raden Panji and Cindelaras, which tells of the adventures of a pair of village youngsters with theirfighting cocks. The Damarwulan presents the stories of a hero (Damarwulan) from Majapahit. Damarwulan is a clever chap, who with courage, aptitude, intelligence and the assistance of his young loverAnjasmara, makes a surprise attack on the neighboring kingdom and brings down Minakjinggo, an Adipati (viceroy) of Blambangan and mighty enemy of Majapahit’s beautiful queen Sri Ratu Kencanawungu. As a reward, Damarwulan is married to Kencanawungu and becomes king of Majapahit; he also takes Lady Anjasmara as a second wife. This story is full of love affairs and battles and is very popular with the public. The dalang is liable to incorporate the latest local gossip and quarrels and work them into the play as comedy.