Archive for the Tour Central Java Category

Parangtritis Beach

Posted in Tour Central Java on July 4, 2010 by Yappy Kawitarka

Tour Central Java : Parangtritis Beach

Parangtritis

Sharp rocks and the undulating link and the expanse of black sand beach called Parangtritis is part of the Indian Ocean, 28 miles south of Yogyakarta. With a challenging waves, sand dunes are always moving, and enjoy the beautiful starry night. Mythof the Queen of the South Sea kingdom that has a relationship with the King (Sultan) who ruled in Yogyakarta, and the prohibition of wearing a green dress while in the beach because it is believed that the green color represents the Queen’s favorite color is still a public trust.Parangwedang, a water tour in Parangtritis warm-containing minerals that are suitable for treatment of skin diseases. Parangkusumo, a place considered sacred, was the place where the meeting between the Kings Jogja with Queen of South.

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Kasongan Handicraft – Kasongan

Posted in Tour Central Java on July 4, 2010 by Yappy Kawitarka

Tour Central Java :

Kasongan Handicraft- Gerabah

Kasongan

Kasongan is a popular tourist destination in the district Bantul,Yogyakarta Special Region which is famous for handicrafts gerabahnya. This place is exactly located in the area Kajen hamlets, villagesBangunjiwo, District Poor, BantulYogyakarta Special Region, (~ S 7.846567 ° – E 110.344468 °) about 6 km fromPlazaYogyakarta North to South direction.

Kasongan originally a land of paddies in the south of the village’s population Yogyakarta. On The period of Dutch colonization in Indonesia, in areas paddies belonging to one of these people found a dead horse. HorseInvestigation is expected to belong to the Dutch. Because the time period of Dutch colonization, then those residents who own land and immediately release the fear that their land rights and no longer acknowledged. Fear is also common on other residents in the surrounding fields which have finally managed to unleash their land rights. Since the number of free land, then the other villagers immediately recognized the land. Residents who have no land is then switched professions to become a craftsman ceramicswhich initially only mengempal-ngempal land that is not broken when put together. Actually the land is only used for children’s toys and kitchen utensils. However, due diligence and traditions from generation to generation, Kasongan eventually became well-known tourist village.

Since the year 1971-1972, Tourism Village Kasongan remarkable progress. Sapto Hudoyo (A great artist Yogyakarta) to help develop a tourist village with a building society Kasongan mostly craftsmen to provide a variety of commercial and artistic touch to the design so that the earthenware pottery produced does not create the impression that boring and monotonous, but it can provide value and value of art economy high. Ceramic Kasongan used commercially in large scale by Sahid Ceramics around the year1980.

Village Tourism

Results from the craft Earthenware produced by Kasongan in general form jar with various motifs (peacockdragonrose and many others), pot various sizes (from small to shoulder the size of adults), souvenirpicture frame, Wall hangings, furniture such astable and chair, Etc.. But then developing varied products includeinterest clone of leaf banana, Furniture bamboomask-Topengan and many others. The results are good-quality handicrafts and has been exported to foreign countries such as Europe and America. Usually, this village is frequently visited by tourists visiting theYogyakarta.


Keraton Surakarta Hadiningrat

Posted in Tour Central Java on July 4, 2010 by Yappy Kawitarka

Tour Central Java :

Keraton Surakarta Hadiningrat

Keraton Surakarta or in a language called Java Hadiningrat Surakarta Palace, a former royal palace in Surakarta Kasunanan Hadiningrat (1755-1946). It was founded by His Majesty Sultan Palace Pakubuwono II (Sunan PB II) in 1744 as a substitute for the Palace / Palace Kartasura ravaged caused commotion in 1743′s Chinatown.

Last palace of Mataram kingdom was established in the village of Sala (Solo), a small port on the west bank of the River, (the river) Concrete / Sala. After the official palace of Mataram Kingdom was completed, the village name was changed to Surakarta Hadiningrat. The Palace is also a silent witness transfer of sovereignty in the kingdom of Mataram by Sunan PB II to the VOC in the year 1749. After the 1755 Treaty Giyanti years, the palace was later used as an official palace for Kasunanan Surakarta until 1946, when the Government of Indonesia officially remove Kasunanan Surakarta and turn it into a residency directly under the President of Indonesia.Architectural grandeurKeraton (Palace) in Surakarta is one of the exotic buildings in his time. One architect of this palace is Prince Mangkubumi (later the title of Sultan Hamengkubuwono I) which is also the main architect of Yogyakarta Palace. Therefore it is not surprising that the basic pattern of spatial structure are both Kraton (Yogyakarta and Surakarta) has much in common equation.

Keraton Surakarta as can be witnessed today was not built simultaneously in 1744-45, but was built in stages by maintaining basic spatial patterns that remain the same as initially. Development and large-scale restoration recently performed by His Majesty Pakubuwono X (Sunan PB X), which reigned 1893-1939. Most of this palace of white and blue color shades with a mixture of Javanese-style arsitekrur Europe.In general, the distribution of the palace include: Complex Square Lor / North, Sasana Sumewa Complex, Complex Sitihinggil Lor / North, Lor Kamandungan Complex / North, Sri Manganti Complex, Complex Kedhaton, Kamagangan Complex, Complex Srimanganti South / South (?) And Kemandungan South / South and South Sitihinggil Complex and Alun-alun Kidul. This palace complex is also surrounded by baluwarti, a defensive wall with a height of about three to five meters and a thickness of about one meter without the pavilion. These walls enclose an area with a rectangular shape. The area size of about five hundred yards wide and about seven hundred meters long. Palace complex within the walls is from Kemandungan Lor / Kemandungan North to South / South. Both complexes Sitihinggil and square is not surrounded by defensive walls.source: wikipedia.org


Prambanan

Posted in Tour Central Java on July 4, 2010 by Yappy Kawitarka

Tour Central Java : CANDI PRAMBANAN

Prambanan Temple Compounds – the Tallest and Most Beautiful, Largest Hindus Temple in the World

Prambanan, named after the village, is the biggest temple complex in Java. There are 224 temples in the complex; three towering temples on the central terrace dominate the complex. Those are Brahma Temple in the North, Visnu Temple in the South and the biggest among the three which lies between Brahma and Visnu is Çiwa Temple which soars up to 47 meters high.

Prambanan attracts many admirers each year from abroad. Situated about 15 km from Yogyakarta, the top of the main shrine is visible from a great distance and raises high above the scattered ruins of the former temples. Prambanan is the best seen shortly after dawn or in the late afternoon. However it is still beautiful at any time. Ancient Java’s greatest empire, The Mataram, first appeared on the stage of history in 732 AD, the year Sanjaya, a Hindu noble, established territorial rule over the fertile plains between the Progo and Opak rivers. In 750 AD, the Buddhist Syailendra dynasty overthrew Sanjaya, whose family and followers were exiled to the highlands on the periphery of Mataram. A century later, Rakai Pikatan, a descendant of King Sanjaya married into the Syailendras and rose to power. With his ascendancy came the rebirth of Hinduism and a new spate of the temple building, most notably the construction of Prambanan’s Roro Jonggrang complex.

Sanjaya Dynasty, a Hindu noble, established territorial rule over the fertile plains between the Progo and Opak rivers. The dynasty, in keeping with Hindu tradition, set him up as a semi-divine link between heaven and earth. To secure this status for eternity, and to unite the populace in a massive communal effort, he and his successors embarked on a centuries-long program of constructing religious monuments. The earliest Central Javanese Temples date from this period, including the foundations of the great Borobudur.

On Prime Site the World Heritage Archeological Park Prambanan : The legend of Ramayana When History Comes to Life  120 minutes show, with 15 minutes intermission

Prambanan Theatre on the next site of the world heritage archeological park of Prambanan temple is one of the world class arts centers, officially opened on 1990. This architectural icon with its distinctive Prambanan view is sited within Yogyakarta’s civic district, just about 15-30 minutes of down townYogyakarta. Prambanan Theatre aims to be a performing arts centre for everyone, and its programmes cater to its diverse audiences. Ramayana Ballet and its programmed line-up span all genres to encompass music, dance, theatre and visual arts, with a special emphasis on Asian culture.

Enjoy Ramayana Ballet, the legend of Prambanan when history comes to life

Presented by more than 250 artists at its original place: Ramayana Open Air Theater & Trimurti Theater Prambanan Temple complex – Yogyakarta – Indonesia.

Ramayana Ballet at present time being the most popular performance in Yogyakarta. It is held at an outdoor theater (episodic and full story) and Trimurti indoor theater (full story) in Prambanan, 16 km east of Yogyakarta, with the magnificent Prambanan Temple as a scenic background. Ramayana Ballet presents the finest dancers from the region.

Calendar of Event 2010

Venue : Outdoor Theater, PRAMBANAN
Time : 7:30 – 9:30 PM

MONTH DATE OF SHOW PERFORMANCES
MAY 20 22 25 27 28 29 30 31
JUNE 15 16 17 19 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
JULY 15 17 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 31
AUGUST 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 31
SEPTEMBER 21 23 24 25 26 27 28 30
OCTOBER 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 30

Ticket Information for Ramayana Ballet Show Performance

Admission
To gain admission to the venue, please produce tickets at the entrance. All audiences are required to have ticket.

CLASS OUTDOOR
THEATRE
CLOSED
THEATRE
VIP IDR 250.000
Preferred Seat IDR 175.000 IDR 175.000
Premium Seat IDR 150.000 IDR 150.000
Standard Seat IDR 75.000 IDR 75.000

Prambanan Theatre Office :

Jl. Raya Jogya – Solo Km 16 Prambanan, Jogyakarta 55571 – INDONESIA

Phone/ Fax.  +62 274 496 408

Email : teater@borobudorpark.co.id

Website : http://www.borobudurpark.co.id


Ratu Boko

Posted in Tour Central Java on July 4, 2010 by Yappy Kawitarka

Tour Central Java : CANDI RATU BOKO

Ratu Boko the lost Masterpiece Palace Complex from the 8th century, the only Hindu and Buddhist Mixed-architectural Archeological site

The history of Ratu Boko, begin with Prambanan
The original architectural layout and design is not fully known, within the 19.6 Ha of land on top of the hill, there remain the stone basements of pendopo hall (on which stood wooden building) and other palace building, a structure that was presumably a water tank or a bathing place man-made flat terrace and ruins of stone walls.[Source: Borobudur Prambanan, National Archeological Park, JICA: 1979]

The history of Ratu Boko, begin with Prambanan are a large number of inscription  dating from the second half of the eight century to the middle of ninth century have been found on Ratu Boko hill and at the Kalasan, Loro Jonggrang, Sewu, Plaosan and other candi. In particular, the Sanskrit inscription dated in 856 AD is important. From them it can be summarized that the Buddhist Shailendra dynasty and the Hindu Mataram often cooperated with one another but that in the middle of the ninth century the later defeated the former.

When we heard the word Kraton (Palace), our imagination will automatically think about Rakai, Palace and the Royal facilities. But those that we imagine can’t be found at Ratu Boko Kraton, when it was found, and who gave the name. According to the ancient inscription that was made by Rakai Panangkaran in 746-784 AD, at the beginning the building around Ratu Boko heritage site is called Abhayagiri Wihara. Abhaya means no danger or peace.

Abhayagiri means the Buddhist monks dormitory/wihara that is located at the peaceful area on top of the hill. In the next period between 856-863 AD, Abhayagiri Wihara changed its name became Walaing Kraton that is proclaimed by Vasal Rakai named Rakai Walaing Pu Kumbayoni. Mandyasih inscription, which was built in 898-908 AD by Rakai Watukara Dyah Balitung, still mentioned Walaing as the pedigree of Punta Tarka who made Mantyasih inscription. From the beginning of 10th century until the end of 16th century, there is no news about Kraton Walaing.

The Shailendra stronghold at that time was Ratu Boko hill, and three kinds of “lingga” were erected to commemorate the Mataram victory. Prior to that, “candi Siwa” probably meaning candi Loro Jonggrang, was built.
Much still unknown, but more and more of the history of that time will no doubt come to light in time with the discovery of more such inscription if they are carefully preserved.

For those who love, within the mind’s eye to reconstruct history, Ratu Boko is a dream.
The main site is on a small plateau. The trek is best done at dawn or in the late afternoon when the views from the plateau’s ridge are most beautiful. Ratu Boko was probably a fortified palace built by the Buddhist Sailendra and later taken over y Hindu Mataram.

Little remains apart from a huge, sparsely ornamented gateway and a series of foundations and bathing places, but the atmosphere are enchanting. A few hundred meters to the south on another small plateau (linked with the first, but difficult to find) is a large stone platform with decorated waterspouts and staircases surrounded by an empty moat; a little below the platform, through kala-head gateway, is a group of tranquil green pools, one of which is still used by the villages.

According to HJ. DeGraff, in 17th century there were many European travelers who came to Indonesia. Those travelers said that there was also a heritage site which mentioned about Prabu Boko who came from Bali. Ninety years later, in 1790. Van Boeckholtz found the heritage ruin above Ratu Boko heritage sites.

The Publishing of this founding attracted scientists like Makenzic, Junghun and Brumun who came to visit and made recording about the heritage site at Ratu Boko Hill in 1814. One hundred years later, FDK Bosch made a research and reported it which entitled “Kraton Van Ratoe Boko”. According to FDK Bosch, the site at Ratu Boko Hill is known as Kraton Ratu Boko.

People who live around Ratu Boko Hill usually call it as Dawun, temple just like the name of their village. That is why in some literatures and old maps, Ratu Boko Hill is written in 2 (two) name: Dawung Temple and Kraton Ratu Boko van Ratoe Boko.

The name of Kraton Ratu Boko comes from the word Kraton van, Ratu Boko. Kraton is from Ka-da-tu-an that means King’s or Rakai’s Place. Ratu Boko comes from the word Ratu which has the meaning as King and Boko is heron. This understanding comes up with question whether the King of Heron is the ruler himself or the real bird. Therefore, people say that Ratu Boko keeps a mystery up to now.

Sumunaring Abhayagiri : Rediscover the Lost history of Ratu Boko and indulge your senses  with spectacular evening on Saturday, 29 May & 19 June 2010, Time :  7.00 – 9.00 pm
at Ratu Boko Palace, Yogyakarta

A spectaculer show takes you on a sensory odyssey through magnificent live performance of traditional Javanese dances and sound. You will be flashed back in history during a time when this ancient wonder of the world was once centre of powerful empire.

Describes the Galuh Kingdom that holds a great audience to the sultan ( Pasewakan Agung) attended by the king of Galuh,the Queen, Prince Pancapana and Prince Sanjaya, the Grand Vizier and other kraton officials, to discuss the royal succession, but shocked by Pancapa, the eldest son of King Galuh, who bids farewell, leaving the kingdom to embark on an adventure.

The Journey :
Pancapa, accompanied by his faithful ervant, Dharmajaya, travel eastwarf, and mets an elder named Ki Wasesa. In this encounter, Ki Wasesa shows a place by the lakeside below the Boko Hill.

Encounter with the Boko People :

The Boko’s people are performing their activites,and then comes Pancapana, followed by Dharmajaya.
Ki Wasesa appears, notifying them of Pancapana`s arrival, which they welcome well.

The Quest for Pancapana :
The party of Prince Sanjaya, Pancapana`s younger brother, in search of his long lost brother, meets an elder named Ki Wasesa in the journey.

He then takes the party to the place where Pancapana lives. From this encounter, Ki Wisesa then knows that Pancapana is actually a king`s son on a journey. Prince Sanjaya begs Pancapana to return to the kingdom, but Pancapana refuses and wishes to stay in the Boko Hill. Then Pancapana begins to be known as a wise youth respected by the people.

Ticket Information for Ratu Boko Spectacular Dance Performance

Admission
To gain admission to the venue, please produce tickets at the entrance. All audiences are required to have ticket.

Platinum IDR 500.000,-,  Gold IDR 400.000,-

Festival IDR 100.000,-

RSVP : Tel. (0274) 496 402, 496 406, 0816 844 561  (Emilia), 0812 813 1604  (Arum)

RSVP : 0818 0274 9762 (Billy), 0815 7813 6900 (Esti), 0858 7844 4318 (Jeane)

RATU BOKO MANAGEMENT OFFICE :

Jl. Prambanan – Piyungan Km2 – Jogyakarta 55571

Phone : +62 274 496 510, Fax +62 274 498 325







Mendut

Posted in Tour Central Java on July 4, 2010 by Yappy Kawitarka

Tour Central Java: CANDI MENDUT

Mendut

Mendut is a temple religious backgrounds Buddha. This temple is located in the village Mendut, District MungkidMagelang Regency,Central Java, A few kilometers from the temple Borobudur.

Buddha Statue in Mendut

Established during the reign of Mendut Raja Indra dynastySyailendra. In the tablets that bertarikh Karangtengah 824 CE, stated that the king Indra has built a shrine named Veluvana which means bamboo forests. By a Dutch archaeologist named J.G. de Casparis, This word is connected with Mendut

Mendut

Actual temple building materials are brick covered with natural stone. The building is located on a basement high, so that it looks more elegant and sturdy. Up stairs and the entrance facing southwest. Above basement There are tunnels around the temple body. The roof and decorated with three storied stupa-Small stupas. The number of small stupas built now is 48 units.

Building height is 26.4 meters.

Decoration on Mendut

Decoration found on a decorative Mendut intermittent. Decorated with carvings of celestial beings and angels Gandharva, two-tailed macaques and a lone eagle.

On both banks of the stairs there is a relief-relief storiesPancatantra and Jataka.

Hariti.

Boddhisatwa temple reliefs decorated the walls of which Awalokiteswara, Maitreya, Wajrapāṇi and Manjusri. On the wall of the temple there is a relief Kalpataru body, two angels, Hariti (ayaksi who repent and then follow the Buddha) and Āţawaka.

Buddha in a position dharmacakramudra.

Inside the temple there are statues of Buddha holding a large amount to three: namely Wairocana Dhyani Buddha’s hand with an attitude (mudradharmacakramudra. In front there is a relief in the form of statues of Buddha flanked by a pair of wheels and a deer, a symbol of the Buddha. On the left side there are statues Awalokiteswara (Padmapāņi) and the right statue Wajrapāņi. Now in front of statues of Buddha placed incense, incense and baskets to donate. The visitors could light a incense and prayed here.

[edit] Chronology of discovery

1836 – Found and recovery

1897 – 1904 legs and body is repaired but the results are unsatisfactory.

1908 – Corrected by Theodoor van Erp. Peaks can be rearranged.

1925 – Rearranged a number of stupas

Written by Administrator
TEMPLE Mendut for Buddhists have a special meaning. The existence of three large Buddhist statues in this temple has a beauty that is very high both in my physical form as art. All three statues of Buddha in this temple is considered still emits light of holiness. So that among the Buddhists of this temple became a place of prayer that helped him. Buddhists not only domestically, but also from abroad.
As performed, Ny. Shizuko Miyagawa, Buddhist sect Nyoi Shin Ken Kei of Japan, has been granted his petition praying to God Almighty that are being said at the altar of this temple Mendut. That prayer is a request for healing for her child merely puppets, Tsuyoshi Miyagawa, who suffered severe enough and not go away despite the many relief efforts have been made in his country there. This occurred in the 1980s.
As expressions of gratitude to God almighty for his son’s recovery, Ny. Miyagawa and then build a monument ‘Friendship in Indonesia – Japan,’ which is now still standing in the yard beside the house Pak Kosim (deceased), west Mendut. The monument which was inaugurated in February 1985, the form of a bronze plaque and stone pillars that marked the Merapi andesite Japanese characters. Buildings ‘tetenger’ from Mrs. Miyagawa was made by Dulkamid Djayaprana, a sculptor from Prumpung Muntilan.
Buddha statues inside the chamber is Mendut, statue or Vairocana Cakyamuni Dyani Buddha, Buddhist statues or Lokesvara Avalokitesvara, and Vajrapani Bodhisattva statue. Cakyamuni Dyani Buddha statue facing west (located in the center), sitting with his legs position nudge down, trod on a lotus-shaped foundation. Attitude hands ‘dharmacakramudra’ meaningful’re playing ‘wheel of life’.
Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva statue is located on the north side Dyani Buddha statues Cakyamuni, facing south. This statue is depicted in a sitting position, legs folded into the left and right leg dangling down. Attitude hand, ‘varamudra’ meaningful’re giving or delivering courses. This Avalokitesvara Budhisatva Pengarcaan greatness by wearing jewelry in the ears, neck and shoulder chocolate, and wearing a crown.
And Vajrapani Bodhisattva statue which is located to the left of the statue of Buddha Sakyamuni facing north, is depicted wearing oversized clothes as Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva statue. Pengarcaannya with a sitting position, right leg folded with your feet touching the thigh, left leg dangling down.
Mendut building standing on the ‘basement’ (the base of the temple) as high as 3.70 meters, so look classy, strong and authoritative. Basic size of the temple 13.70 meters x 13.70 meters. The number of temples there are 14 levels up traps, facing northwest. Toward this direction is unusual for temples in Central Java. Because in general the temples in Central Java, facing east. In the basement there is the hallway that surrounds the temple body width 2.48 meters. The rooftop of the temple consists of three levels decorated with small stupas totaling 48 units. From the image reconstruction, the temple was originally there top of the temple. But alas, the peak of the beautiful temple until now has not been successfully reconstructed. Building stones and ornaments of stone temples that have not been able to go back now neatly arranged in the courtyard of the temple to the north. Now this temple building height 26.50 meters.
Indeed Mendut other temples in Indonesia. As a Buddhist temple, this temple has a special attraction. Not only the existence of a large statue of Buddha, this temple is also decorated with reliefs depicting Jataka stories-stories, is loaded with legal meaning of the teachings of ‘Cause and Effect. “Relief-relief is engraved on the outer wing panels ladder section below. Relief on the right describes the story, the tortoise is in danger rescued by a crane and two small. It turned out that a crane was deceiving the tortoise. Salvation, the turtle was brought to bite a stick two birds flying bango it to take to a lake. Because the tortoise tricked, he dared to fight the bird by biting his neck. Then the birds died because of his evil deeds. Relief fable stories (stories with animal characters), the other in another panel, tells about a monkey who helped and diseberangkan a crocodile. The monkey climbed on the backs of crocodiles. Actually the crocodile wants to eat liver apes. Crocodiles stopped in the middle of the river, and wanted to tear the stomach monkeys with sharp teeth. But with the clever monkey told the crocodile that he was left on the other side of river. And that stupid crocodile believed talk of apes, which then ruled the monkey to keep him up to the opposite bank. Arriving across the river, the monkey jumped to save themselves.
On the other reliefs depict stories, an elephant who became violent when in their midst who were convicted of crimes. But the elephant is a gentle and docile when it was near the hermits, the bhiku, the atmosphere is quiet and shady. And much more relief from the fable stories Jataka stories are carved in this temple. Because of this temple was built not only as a place of worship and contemplation, but also as a place to deepen the teachings of the Buddha for the believer.
On the right side entrance to the temple (north side), there is a relief Kuvera. These reliefs depict Kuwera god, the god of Wealth. Depiction, there is a man who sat surrounded by children. Beneath it were jars filled with money. It seems, at first Kuvera is a giant man-eating savage. But after meeting with the Buddha’s teachings and given the lofty moral and character, he repented and changed temperament to be protective of children.
On the left side (south side) entrance to the temple, reliefs terpahatkan Hariti a lap child. Hariti around so many children are playing. Like Kuvera, beginning raseksi Hariti also a man-eating, and after a conscious and repent turn into protectors of children after the encounter and was given by the Buddha’s teachings of kindness. Even Hariti also known as the Goddess of Fertility.
The temple is located in The Village Mendut Mungkid City area is approximately 3 kilometers east of the Borobudur Temple. Until now not known with certainty, when the temple was built. Drs. Soediman in the language manual juicer, ‘Chandi Mendut. Its relationship with pawon and Borobudur ‘wrote, in his dissertation the Dutch archaeologist, JG de Casparis connect this temple with the king of the dynasty Syailendra, Indra. In the inscription Karangtengah who’s down in 824 AD during the reign of King Samaratungga mention that King Indra, his father King Samaratungga, has set up a sacred building called ‘Venuvana’, which means bamboo forests. And according to Sri Pannyavaro Bhiku Mahathera in the narration in the video film documentary “Jewels of forgotten, Buddhist temples in Java” mentioned, the original name of this temple is ‘Venuvana Mandira’, which means palace in the middle of bamboo forests.
When rediscovered in 1834, this temple was covered with soil and bushes. Like Borobudur, the temple is expected to also become victims mahapralaya gigantic eruption of Mount Merapi in 1006 AD So damaged overwritten ravaged Merapi volcanic material. And for centuries, this temple ‘sank’ swallowed era, along with the displacement of the center of the kingdom in Central Java to East Java.
Efforts to clean and reconstruct the temple was performed on the Dutch colonial period in 1897. In the year 1901 until 1904, Brandes was not satisfied with the results of that and try to reconstruct. But work was halted before completion. So the effort to reconstruct the temple was taken over by Van Erp in 1908, together with efforts to reconstruct the temple of Borobudur. He managed to reconstruct this temple until the stage of preparing some of the roof of the temple. In 1925 several small stupa temple roof ornaments successfully reassembled.
Voute Caesar in his book ‘Borobudur and Its Meaning’ mentions, Mendut located at the eastern tip an imaginary straight line from west to east along the nearly three miles across the river Progo and Elo, which connects the three temples of Borobudur – Pawon and Mendut. From Pawon, Mendut is 1150 meters, and distance Borobudur Pawon with 1750 meters. Many experts compare the archaeological site with the location of the Ganges and Yamuna holy rivers in India. Geographical conditions of this region, rivers are surrounded by mountains and hills is a place that is similar to the geographical conditions in India there. Maybe this is the major consideration of the kings of that time in choosing this place to establish the sacred buildings associated with his religion, Buddhism.
Pattern and profile shapes between Pawon Mendut and almost the same, just different sizes. Similarly, the architecture and decorative ornaments. And the second temple was built strongly associated with the presence of Borobudur temple, as the temple ‘trinity’ places of Buddhist worship since the heyday of the kingdom of Mataram dynasty Syailendra Kuna until now. Even when found in the status of this temple as ‘dead monument’ or a monument to death. *** (Amat Sukandar)


Candi Pawon

Posted in Tour Central Java on July 4, 2010 by Yappy Kawitarka

Tour Central Java : CANDI PAWON

Pawon Temple

Pawon which is located between Mendut and Borobudur Temple

Pawon is the name of a temple. Pawon redeveloped years 1903. Pawon name can not be known for certain of its origins. J.G. de Casparis interpret that pawon derived from Javanese Awu which means ash, A prefix pa and suffix Years which indicates a place. In the Java language of everyday words mean Pawon kitchen, But De Casparis perabuan interpret. Local residents also mentioned the name of the temple pawon Bajranalan. The word is probably derived from the word Sanskrit vajra = “Thunder” and anala = “Fire”.

Inside this temple is not found anymore statue making it difficult to identify them further. An interesting thing from this is the variety Pawon hiasnya. Outside the temple walls are decorated with reliefs of biological tree (Kalpataru) lined purse and kinara-kinari (Half-human half-bird creature / human-headed bird body). Location of this Pawon lies between Mendut and Borobudur temple, Right away in 1750 meter from the temple of Borobudur and 1150 m from Mendut.

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