Sad stories of Jugun Ianfu during Japan occupation in Indonesia only get small portion on history.
Jugun Ianfu is female entertainer for Japan soldiers. Bad stigma, defamation from public, and guilty feeling have made them keep silent about their bad experience.
This sad reality led Jan Banning, a photographer, and Hilde Jansen, a journalist, from Netherland to capture jugun ianfu on portraits, pictures, and paintings.
“Indonesian Government gives almost no attention to this issue,” Jansen said on opening ceremony of photo exhibition, titled “Jugun Ianfu” at Erasmus Huis Jakarta, Thursday (8/12) evening.
Unlike other Japan’s occupation countries, such as Korea and China, there are only a few of historical reference about Jugun Ianfu in Indonesia.
During the New Order administration, Jansen said, these women had been warned to not telling about their stories. At that time, Indonesia’s government concerned about losing opportunities of trade with and investment from Japan, if Jugun Ianfu in Indonesia asked for compensation money.
Jakarta Legal Aid Foundation finally helped Banning and Jansen to get data about these women. Mostly, Jugun Ianfu were coming from Java, Sumatera, and Kalimantan. Many of them had passed away now. If they are still alive, most of these Jugun Ianfu are more than 80 years old now.
Hilde Jansen and Jan Banning had started their project to trace Jugun Ianfu since 2007 to 2009, by the help from the National Commission of Violence against Women (Komnas Perempuan). They succeeded to “find” and to reveal story of more than 50 ex Jugun Ianfu.
“It was difficult to interview them. Some of them even did not want to tell us about their experience. They thought that they have made enough effort to get respects, but they still do not get it the respects yet,” Jansen said.
Hilde explained that this photo exhibition is dedicated to Jugun Ianfu who dared to speak up and still have spirit of life.
Chief of Komnas Perempuan Yuninanti Chufaizah suggested that these jugun ianfu need compensation and rehabilitation.
“They have got unstoppable violence, even through generations,” Chufaizah said.
This exhibition adds a little stories and concrete pictures of these Jugun Ianfu.
“We want this issue [about Jugun Ianfu] to be set out on curriculum of history lesson at school,” Yuninanti Chufaizah said. (E4)
Jugun ianfu a woman who was forced to become soldiers satisfy sexual needs Japan in Indonesia and also in countries other Japanese colonies in the period of 1942-1945 .
According to research by Dr . Hirofumi Hayashi, a professor at Kanto Gakuin University, Jugun ianfu including those Japan, Korea, China, Malaya (Malaysia and Singapore) , Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, Myanmar, Vietnam, India, Indo, Netherlands, and the islanders Pacific. Approximate amount of Jugun ianfu This in time of war , ranging between 20,000 and 30,000. Recognition of multiple Jugun ianfu surviving this number seems to be the upper limit of the above figures. Most houses are bordilnya Japanese military base , but run by locals, not the Japanese military .
Indonesian women are usually recruited into Jugun ianfu under duress ( just taken on the road or even in their homes ) , promised hereafter to school abroad , or would be melodramatic ( as happened in the struggle icon Jugun ianfu from Indonesia , Ms Mardiyem ) .
Until now, the former Jugun ianfu still feel the psychological trauma and physical function impairment caused by the bitter experience they had ever experienced. Not to mention the people who do not obtain the information correctly , just think of them as comfort women (without coercion ) .
Brothel as part of Japan’s military policy
Research into the history of the Japanese government noted several reasons for the establishment of military brothels . First , the Japanese authorities expect to provide easy access to sex slaves , moral and military effectiveness will be increased by the Japanese army . Second , by conducting a brothel and put them under official supervision , the government hopes to regulate the spread of venereal disease. Finally , the provision of front-line brothels obviate the need to give permission to rest for the troops .
In the early stages of the war , Japanese authorities took the prostitutes through conventional means . Advertisements offering jobs as prostitutes appeared in newspapers published in Japan and the Japanese colonies Korea, Manchukuo, and Mainland China. Many are responding to this ad is a former prostitute and offer their services voluntarily. Others were sold by their families to the military because of economic difficulties .
However , this source dried up quickly , especially from Japan . Minister for Foreign Affairs refused a visa travel expenses for Japanese prostitutes , feeling that would pollute the name of the Japanese Empire . The military then sought comfort women outside Japan , mainly from Korea and China. Many women are lied to and deceived to join the military brothels . Others were kidnapped . Japanese prostitutes who remained in military brothels often became karayukisan, or brothel managers , leaving non -Japanese comfort women victims of rape row .
Military comfort women also collected from the local area . In urban areas, conventional advertising through a third person is used together with the kidnapping . However , on the front lines , especially in a country where a third person is rarely available , the military directly local leaders to provide women for the brothels. This situation becomes worse when the war continues . Under pressure from the war effort , the military became unable to provide adequate supplies for Japanese troops ; as a response , or rob the Japanese army requested supplies from the local area . Moreover, when the local people , especially China , is considered dangerous , the Japanese army entered the cleaning policy (in the Unread . Japan :烬 灭 作 戦, the Unread . Tionghoa三光 作战) , which include kidnapping and rape the locals .
According to surviving comfort women who described the house where the horrific Japanese brothels . Women were divided into three or four categories, depending on length of service . Women ‘s most unlikely new, more exposed venereal disease placed in the highest category . However , over time , female entertainers lowered its category because of the possibility of venereal disease is higher. When they were considered too morbid for further use , they are ignored . Many women reported uterine they rot from the diseases acquired by the thousands of men within a few years .
When the war efforts and military setbacks evacuate their position in Southeast Asia, a non -Japanese comfort women left behind . Many comfort women die of starvation on the islands which left thousands of miles from their homes. Some can be returned to its original place in Korea or China’s northeast .
Note : My tears rolling down on my face when I upload this story on this Blog…….. God ??? Why…… ????