20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See


Post 7045

Tyler Rogoway

http://foxtrotalpha.jalopnik.com/20-stunning-military-images-that-you-absolutely-have-to-1721188630

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

These are the 20 most brilliant military images I found around these wonderful intertubes this week. Not only do they highlight the amazing things America and our allies’ service people do on a regular basis, but also the photographers, both military and private, that work so hard to gives us a view we could never see with our civilian eyes.

Top shot: Ioannis Lekkas via RAF Lakenheath- A quartet of 493rd Fighter Squadron F-15Cs break formation high over UK.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Petty Officer 1st Class Jamie E. Parsons via U.S. Coast Guard- Instructors, crew and students of a Coast Guard National Motor Lifeboat School class train for heavy weather boat operations in the harsh environment of Cape Disappointment in the Pacific Northwest.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Tech. Sgt. Michael R. Holzworth via U.S. Air Force- U.S. Navy Lt.Nathan Clayville an electronic counter measures officer from the Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron 139 from Whidbey Island, Wash. stands on top of a EA-6B Prowler during pre-flight checks on the Nellis, flight line while participating in Red Flag.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Spc. Joshua Leonard via U.S. Army Europe- Soldiers from Charlie Co. 2-104th Cavalry Regiment from the Pennsylvania National Guard pose for a group photo after a battle simulation for distinguished visitors during part of the field training exercise at Saber Strike 2014. Saber Strike 2014 is a joint, multi-national military exercise scheduled for June 9- 20. The exercise spans multiple locations in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, and involves approximately 4,700 personnel from 10 countries. The exercise is designed to promote regional stability, strengthen international military partnerships, enhance multinational interoperability and prepare participants for worldwide contingency operations.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Senior Airman James Richardson via U.S. Air Force photo- A B-1B Lancer takes off from Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar, to conduct combat operations April 8, 2015. Al Udeid is a strategic coalition air base in Qatar that supports over 90 combat and support aircraft and houses more than 5,000 military personnel.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Sgt. Steve H. Lopez via U.S. Marine Corps- Lance Cpl. Zachary Palacio engages his target with an M240B squad automatic weapon during machine gun sustainment training. Palacio is a motor transport operator with Combat Logistics Battalion 15, 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit. Elements of the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit are ashore in Djibouti for sustainment training to maintain and enhance the skills they developed during their pre-deployment training period.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Lance Cpl. Brian Bekkala via U.S. Marine Corps- Lance Cpl. Chance Seckenger with 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit, rides in a Combat Rubber Raiding Craft during launch and recovery drills from the well deck of the USS Green Bay, at sea, July 9, 2015. Talisman Sabre is a major bilateral exercise that enhances the combat readiness and interoperability of U.S. and Australian forces across a range of military operations.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Etat-major des armées / armée de l’Air- French Mirage 2000s execute a section takeoff under a sparkling night sky while support anti-terror operations in Mali.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

SSgt Matthew B. Fredericks via U.S. Air Force- U.S. Army Soldiers, assigned to the Michigan National Guard secure a landing zone during an infiltration/exfiltration mission, part of Exercise Northern Strike at the Joint Maneuver Training Center, Camp Grayling, Mich., July 23, 2015.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Sgt. Michael Needham via U.S. Army National Guard- An MV-22 Osprey lands during a personnel recovery training exercise in Southwest Asia, July 28, 2015. The 185th Theater Aviation Brigade conducts interoperability training missions to enhance mission capabilities between U.S. Army aviation and other U.S. military forces.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Staff Sgt. Bobby J. Yarbrough via U.S. Marine Corps- Marines from Amphibious Assault Platoon, Company E, Battalion Landing Team 2/6, conduct splash and recovery operations during a certification exercise off the East Coast of the United States. The 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit (26th MEU) and the Kearsarge Amphibious Ready Group are being certified by evaluators with the Expeditionary Operations Training Group in preparation for a deployment later this fall.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Senior Airman Nicole Sikorski via U.S. Air Force- Senior Airmen Giselle Toro and Tristen Geray, 37th Airlift Squadron loadmasters, prepare for a U.S. and Bulgarian air force formation flight over Plovdiv, Bulgaria, July 14, 2015. Loadmasters are responsible for the proper loading of cargo onto an aircraft and ensuring passengers are safe and comfortable during travel. In addition to securing cargo, Toro and Geray were both responsible for the safe departure of paratroopers from the aircraft during the flight.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Unknown photographer via U.S. Navy- An Osprey is bathed in the deck lights glow while operating from the stern flight deck of an Amphibious Assault Ship.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Sgt. Paul Peterson via U.S. Marine Corps- Lithuanian soldiers and U.S. Marines from the Black Sea Rotational Force engaged opposition forces in a partnered attack during Exercise Saber Strike at the Pabrade Training Area, Lithuania, June 15, 2015. Fifteen nations and more than 7,000 service members took part in Saber Strike to promote security and cooperation in the region.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Robert S. Price via U.S. Navy- Sailors participate in a low light small arms training exercise aboard the guided-missile destroyer USS Ross (DDG 71). Ross is conducting naval operations in the U.S. 6th Fleet area of operations in support of U.S. national security interests in Europe.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Staff Sgt. Jarad A. Denton via U.S. Air Force- A U-2 from Beale Air Force Base, Calif., prepares to land at Royal Air Force Fairford, England, June 9, 2015. U-2 pilots have a small margin of space to effectively land the plane without causing damage to the aircraft.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Petty Officer 3rd Class Ryan Kellogg via U.S. Coast Guard- A 25-foot Response Boat-Small crew from Coast Guard Station Seattle conducts an early morning escort of a Washington State Ferry Dec. 22, 2014. Station personnel routinely escort ferries in Puget Sound as part of the service’s Ports, Waterways and Coastal Security mission to ensure the safety of more than 22 million passengers traveling on the system annually.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Cpl. Andre Dakis via U.S. Marine Corps- Marines assigned to Force Reconnaissance Platoon, Maritime Raid Force, 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit, prepare to conduct a high altitude high opening (HAHO) jump from a CH-53 Super Stallion during category 3 sustainment training in Louisburg, North Carolina, June 6, 2015. The training allowed the Marines to practice proper techniques and procedures while in preparation for deployment to the 5th and 6th Fleet areas of responsibility later this yea20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Cpl. Ricky S. Gomez via U.S. Marine Corps- A U.S. Marine attached to Weapons Company, 1st Battalion, 3rd Marine Regiment – “The Lava Dogs” fires a Javelin at a simulated enemy tank during Lava Viper aboard Pohakuloa Training Area, Hawaii, May 29, 2015. Marines of Weapons Company train and conduct anti-armor procedures while at Lava Viper.

20 Stunning Military Images That You Absolutely Have To See

Senior Airman Colton Elliott via U.S. Air National Guard- A KC-135R Stratotanker rests on the flightline at Roland R. Wright Air National Guard Base, Utah, June 25, 2015. The aircraft’s principal mission is air refueling, which enhances the Air Force’s capability to accomplish its primary missions of global reach and global power.


Contact the author at Tyler@jalopnik.com.

Witness The Moon, Venus, Jupiter And Earth From The ISS


Post 7044

Andrew Liptak

http://io9.com/witness-the-moon-venus-jupiter-and-earth-from-the-iss-1721495840

Witness The Moon, Venus, Jupiter And Earth From The ISS

Witness The Moon, Venus, Jupiter And Earth From The ISS

Astronaut Scott Kelly has been providing us some spectacular images during his time in orbit, but this shot might be one of the coolest ones thus far: Venus, Earth, Jupiter and the Moon, all in the frame.

 

Grams of Added Sugar in Some Popular Foods and Drinks (Infographic)


Post 7043

Grams of Added Sugar in Some Popular Foods and Drinks (Infographic)

The Spellbinding Mathematical GIFs Of Dave Whyte


Post 7042

Robbie Gonzalez

http://io9.com/the-spellbinding-mathematical-gifs-of-dave-whyte-1629129148

The Spellbinding Mathematical GIFs Of Dave Whyte

The Spellbinding Mathematical GIFs Of Dave Whyte

The brain-bending animations of Dave “my name is david and i make gifs” Whyte are among the most captivating we’ve ever seen.

Whyte, a Dublin-based PhD candidate studying the physics of foam, tells Colossal‘s Christopher Jobson “his first geometric gifs riffed on computational modules he was exploring while in undergrad.” His Tumblr, Bees & Bombs, is updated regularly with new animations created withProcessing, an open-source programming language. (The programmatically inclined would do well to check out Whyte’s twitter feed, where he often links to his source code.) He’s also available for freelance work.

The Spellbinding Mathematical GIFs Of Dave Whyte

The Spellbinding Mathematical GIFs Of Dave Whyte

The Spellbinding Mathematical GIFs Of Dave Whyte

The Spellbinding Mathematical GIFs Of Dave Whyte

The Spellbinding Mathematical GIFs Of Dave Whyte

The Spellbinding Mathematical GIFs Of Dave Whyte2

The Spellbinding Mathematical GIFs Of Dave Whyte3

[ Dave Whyte via Colossal]

This Is How NASA Tests Planes for Safety


Post 7041

Ria Misra

http://io9.com/this-is-how-nasa-tests-planes-for-safety-1721060316

This Is How NASA Tests Planes for Safety

This Is How NASA Tests Planes for Safety

NASA has been working on ways to improve search-and-rescue after a plane crash. But how do they test it? Simple, they hoist planes 100 feet into the air and drop them… over and over again.

This footage of a Cessna 172 being dropped into the dirt 100 feet below is just the latest test at NASA Langley into how to create emergency transmitters that are more likely to survive a crash—and it’s already yielded some surprises.

What kinds of surprises? Well, for instance, it’s not usually better to hit softer ground. A previous test of the same model plane had the Cessna running directly into concrete instead of soil. Curiously, this brush with the concrete was actually less destructive, as the plane skipped like a stone upon first hitting the ground, making the final crash slightly less damaging.

But without that initial skid to throw off some of the force, all the impact was absorbed by the plane itself, which crumpled up like a tin can:

This Is How NASA Tests Planes for Safety

…before completely flipping over:

This Is How NASA Tests Planes for Safety

…to general dismay on the ground:

This Is How NASA Tests Planes for Safety

After this latest test, researchers say they plan to use the crash data to come up with better ways to install emergency transmitters, so that they’re more likely to make it through.

GIFs made via footage from NASA Langley

X-Rays Reveal a Mysterious Component of Human Hair


Post 7040

Jennifer Viegas

http://io9.com/x-rays-reveal-a-mysterious-component-of-human-hair-1721280426

X-Rays Reveal a Mysterious Component of Human Hair

X-Rays Reveal a Mysterious Component of Human Hair

A new and surprising component of human hair has just been discovered, according to research recently presented at the annual meeting of the American Crystallographic Association. Remarkably, it’s a discovery that could lead to improved hair products.

Above: An electron microscopy image of a human hair cross section. The top region shows the external part of the hair strand (cuticle). The bottom shows the internal “macrofibrils” that exist in the cortex region. (Fabiano Emmanuel Montoro/LNNano, CNPEM)

Human hair has been extensively studied for decades, but until now, a complete understanding of its structure had proven elusive.

“Hair traditionally has been constituted of three regions: medulla (central part of the hair), cortex (biggest volume fraction of the hair) and the cuticle (external part of the hair),” project leader Vesna Stanic, a scientist working at the Brazilian Synchrotron Light Source, toldDiscovery News.

Related: How Hair Turns Gray

“We discovered a new intermediate zone, which is in between the cuticle and cortex,” she added.

Stanic and her team made the discovery by combining an ultra powerful submicron X-ray beam with cross-sectional geometry. The original goal was to just study materials used in hair treatments, and how they affect hair. While doing this, Stanic wondered about the diffraction patterns of hair.

Diffraction is the bending of waves around obstacles and openings. X-ray diffraction patterns of a given material can therefore reveal the local arrangement of both molecular and atomic structures.

Diffraction patterns of human hair have been documented before, but they usually involved pointing the X-ray beam perpendicular to the hair fiber axis. Stanic and her team decided to do something different.

“We performed a full diffraction map from a 30-micron-thick cross section of hair, with an incident beam parallel to the hair axis, and then compared it to the diffraction map with the beam perpendicular to the hair axis,” she explained.

Before this study, human hair was thought to be composed only of a fibrous protein called alpha keratin, as well as certain minerals and lipids. The scientists were therefore extremely surprised to find that a key diffraction feature of alpha keratin was absent in the area between a hair strand’s cuticle and cortex. The pattern instead corresponded to beta keratin.

Related: Plucking Lots of Hairs Grows More Hairs

Previously, beta-keratin was associated with reptiles and birds. It is what makes claws, scales, beaks and feathers strong, tough and, in the case of feathers, also flexible and elastic.

Alpha and beta keratin are similar molecules, but they have very different sizes and shapes.

Stanic explained, “The basic difference between alpha and beta keratin is the molecule conformations. We can say that beta keratin is essentially stretched alpha keratin. Alpha keratin has a helical structure, while beta is typically arranged in sheets.”

The discovery comes on the heels of other research helping to explain why humans from different parts of the world have distinctive hair types. The reason can be summed up in one word: Neanderthals.

Daven Presgraves, an associate professor in the Department of Biology at the University of Rochester, told Discovery News that people of non-African heritage today retain Neanderthal alleles (alternative gene types) at genes affecting keratin filaments.

“The implication is that these Neanderthal-derived alleles were particularly well adapted to Eurasian environments in which they’d evolved for several hundred thousands of years,” Presgraves told Discovery News. “Modern humans who interbred with Neanderthals on their way out of Africa were, in effect, able to borrow these keratin-associated alleles, perhaps accelerating adaptation to a Eurasian environment that was new to them.”

Both this study and Stanic’s will likely lead to new and improved hair products.

As Stanic said, it “is important to know the structure of hair in order to understand how this structure will change with different hair products.”

Fido might also enjoy a better shampoo in future too, since the researchers next plan to study animal hair using the same submicron X-ray beam/cross-section geometry technique.

This article originally appeared at Discovery News and is republished here with permission.

Million-Dollar Find: Shipwreck’s Golden Treasure Includes Very Rare Coin


Post 7039

Million-Dollar Find: Shipwreck’s Golden Treasure Includes Very Rare Coin

Treasure hunters off the Florida coast recently pulled up the haul of a lifetime: nearly $1 million worth of gold coins and elaborate gold chains, as well as an extremely rare Spanish coin known as a “Tricentennial Royal.”

The treasures were hidden on the seafloor for 300 years before the crew of a salvage vessel brought them to the surface last month, on June 17. The riches were found just 1,000 feet (305 meters) offshore of Fort Pierce, Florida, according to Eric Schmitt, captain of the aptly named salvage vessel, Aarrr Booty, which was used to locate the treasure.

The ships that once carried the valuables set sail from Cuba on July 24, 1715, when the island was a Spanish colony. The ships’ mission was to transport the riches below deck to Spain, which at the time was waging a war against France and was desperately in need of money to fund battles. [Shipwrecks Gallery: Secrets of the Deep]

But the ships never made it to Spain. A hurricane off Florida sank all but one of the 12 ships on July 30, 1715. The so-called “1715 Fleet” has been a treasure-hunter’s fantasy ever since. In 2010, Brent Brisben and his father, William, obtained permits to explore the wrecks in search of sunken riches.

The lucky haul off Fort Pierce was the work of the entire Schmitt family, which includes Eric and his wife, as well as Eric’s sister and parents. The Schmitts were subcontracted to explore the 12 different shipwrecks for Brisben’s company (1715 Fleet Queen Jewels, LLC), which owns salvage permits.

Included in Aarrr Booty’s recent haul were 51 gold coins and 40 feet of golden chain. But the real treasure salvaged from the deep was the rare Tricentennial Royal, one of very few gold coins minted for King Philip V of Spain, according Schmitt, lead diver of the Aarrr Booty vessel’s treasure-hunting expeditions.

The coin is “very round” compared to most coins salvaged from the wrecks, said Schmitt, who told Live Science that the royal coin was die-cast (made by pouring molten gold into a coin mold). Most Colonial coins from this period were made using cruder methods that resulted in less uniform shapes, according to the coin-collecting website Coinquest. The round royal coin, which is about the size of a silver dollar, is worth an estimated $500,000, according to Brent Brisben.

And even though Brisben and Schmitt are excited about the discovery of this precious coin, both remain hopeful that even more treasure lies hidden off Florida. Brisben’s company owns the salvage rights to five of the 11 ships that sank on July 30, 1715, he told Live Science. He estimates that $440 million worth of coins and other treasures have yet to be recovered from these centuries-old wrecks, which include

Among the treasures that are still at large are the elusive queens jewels, which belonged to Philip V’s second wife, Elizabeth Farnese, Duchess of Parma. The elaborate jewels were to be a part of the queen’s dowry and were supposed to be brought to Spain by the 1715 Fleet. Because jewelry wasn’t a taxable commodity in Spain at the time, details about the jewels weren’t entered on any official documents, but a few ornate items were allegedly aboard the fleet when it sank, including a 74-carat emerald ring and 14-carat pearl earrings, according to Brisben.

Follow Elizabeth Palermo @techEpalermo. Follow Live Science@livescience, Facebook & Google+. Original article on Live Science.